Antibiotics

Antibiotics: Bacteria-Busters

The word antibiotic comes from the Greek words anti meaning 'against' and bios meaning 'life.' Some people call antibiotics antibacterials. Doctors use antibiotics to treat infections caused by bacteria, such as scarlet fever or whooping cough.

Antibiotics target only bacteria. They do not attack fungi or viruses, which cause infections like athlete's foot or the common cold.

Source: CDC Features1

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About antibiotics

Antibiotics are medicines that kill or stop the growth of bacteria. They are used to treat infections in people, animals and sometimes plants.

Not all antibiotics are active against all types of bacteria. There are more than 15 types of antibiotics. They may be broad spectrum, which means they can kill more than one type of bacteria, or narrow spectrum, meaning they will only kill one type of bacteria.

Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics and some bacteria are now resistant to many different antibiotics.

Source: New Zealand Health2

Introduction: Antibiotics

Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections. Used properly, antibiotics can save lives. They either kill bacteria or keep them from reproducing. Your body's natural defenses can usually take it from there.

Antibiotics do not fight infections caused by viruses, such as

If a virus is making you sick, taking antibiotics may do more harm than good. Using antibiotics when you don't need them, or not using them properly, can add to antibiotic resistance. This happens when bacteria change and become able to resist the effects of an antibiotic.

When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. It is important to finish your medicine even if you feel better. If you stop treatment too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect you. Do not save antibiotics for later or use someone else's prescription.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source: MedLinePlus (NIH)3

Introduction: Antibiotics

For nearly a century, bacteria-fighting drugs known as antibiotics have helped to control and destroy many of the harmful bacteria that can make us sick. But in recent decades, antibiotics have been losing their punch against some types of bacteria. In fact, certain bacteria are now unbeatable with today’s medicines. Sadly, the way we’ve been using antibiotics is helping to create new drug-resistant “superbugs.”

Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)4

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Antibiotic Therapy: Treatment of bacterial infections with antibiotics.5

Types

Types may include:6

Types of Antibiotic:

  • Alafosfalin
  • Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
  • Amphomycin
  • Anisomycin
  • Antibiotic SQ109
  • Antimicrobial Peptide
  • Apramycin
  • Apramycin Sulfate
  • Asperlin
  • Azidamfenicol
  • Bacitracin
  • Bacitracin A Methylene Disalicylate
  • Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate
  • Bacitracin Zinc
  • Bambermycins
  • Beta-Lactam Antibiotic
  • Bicyclohexylammonium Fumagillin
  • Cadazolid
  • Calcimycin
  • Candicidin
  • Chloramphenicol
  • Chloramphenicol Palmitate
  • Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate
  • Cinodine
  • Cinodine Beta
  • Cinodine Beta Hydrochloride
  • Cinodine Gamma Sub 1
  • Cinodine Gamma Sub 1 Hydrochloride
  • Cinodine Gamma Sub 2
  • Cinodine Gamma Sub 2 Hydrochloride
  • Cinodine Hydrochloride
  • Clofazimine
  • Coumermycin
  • Dalfopristin
  • Ditophal
  • Drazidox
  • Efrotomycin
  • Eperezolid
  • Etisomicin
  • Flopristin
  • Florfenicol
  • Fosmidomycin
  • Glycopeptide Antibiotic
  • Heliomycin
  • Hexamidine
  • Iclaprim
  • Ionomycin
  • Laidlomycin
  • Laidlomycin Propionate Potassium
  • Lasalocid
  • Lasalocid Sodium
  • Lincosamide Antibiotic
  • Linezolid
  • Lydimycin
  • Macrolide Antibiotic
  • Meglucycline
  • Mesulfamide
  • Metioprim
  • Metioxate
  • Miloxacin
  • Moenomycin A
  • Moenomycin A12
  • Moenomycin C
  • Monensin
  • Nanafrocin
  • Narasin
  • Nisin A
  • Nitroglycerin Sodium Citrate Ethanol Solution
  • Novobiocin
  • Novobiocin Calcium
  • Novobiocin Sodium
  • Omadacycline
  • Omadacycline Tosylate
  • Pecocycline
  • Penimocycline
  • Polymyxin Antibiotic
  • Quindoxin
  • Quinolone Antibiotic
  • Quinupristin
  • Racephenicol
  • Radezolid
  • Radezolid Hydrochloride
  • Retapamulin
  • Rifaximin
  • Salinomycin
  • Taurolidine
  • Tetracycline Antibiotic
  • Tetronasin
  • Tetronasin Sodium
  • Thiambutosine
  • Thiamphenicol
  • Thiolutin
  • Tiamulin
  • Tiamulin Fumarate
  • Tigecycline
  • Torezolid
  • Valnemulin
  • Vaneprim
  • Volpristin

Categories for Antibiotics

Category of Antibiotic Therapy:

  • Infection Prophylaxis and Management
7

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References

  1. Source: CDC Features: cdc.gov/ Features/ ScarletFever/ 
  2. Source: New Zealand Health: health.govt.nz/ your-health/ conditions-and-treatments/ treatments-and-surgery/ medications/ antibiotic-resistance
  3. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ antibiotics.html
  4. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ feb2014/ feature1
  5. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  6. ibid.
  7. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.