Muscle cramps

Muscle cramps are a common symptom where a muscle painfully contracts for an extended period, which is a type of muscle spasm. A simple episode of a muscle cramp can occur if any muscle is over-used. For example, leg muscle cramps may result from exercise, and wrist or hand ...

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Summary: Sudden and involuntary contractions of one or more muscles. ...1,2

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Causes

Everyday muscle cramps are common when caused by the over-use of a muscle. You can get muscle cramps from running or swimming, or as a grip spasm from turning a screwdriver. More complex causes involve an imbalance in the ...

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Causes of Muscle cramps

The exact cause of cramp is unknown but risk factors may include poor physical condition, mineral and electrolyte imbalances and tight, inflexible muscles. Cramps are usually harmless but may sometimes be symptomatic of an underlying medical disorder, such as atherosclerosis ...3

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Causes List for Muscle cramps

Possible causes of Muscle cramps (or similar symptoms) may include:4

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Treatments for Muscle cramps

Muscle problems If you're experiencing muscle spasms, cramps and stiffness, muscle relaxant medication such as baclofen or tizanidine may be used to control these symptoms. If these aren't effective, an injection of botulinum toxin (Botox) may be given. This ...5

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References

  1. [from HPO]
  2. Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ gtr/ conditions/ CN003063/ 
  3. Source: Queensland Health: conditions.health.qld.gov.au/ HealthCondition/ condition/ 5/ 149/ 470/ muscle-cramp
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ ataxia/ treatment/ 

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.