Colic

The name “colic” used in reference to infants refers to “infant colic” which causes persistent crying in a baby. In other patients, colic is the name for a particular type of severe abdominal cramping pain. Colicky abdominal pain is caused by abdominal muscle spasms (muscle cramps) in various areas: intestines ...

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Colic is the name for excessive, frequent crying in a baby who appears to be otherwise healthy. It's a common problem that affects up to one in five babies. Colic tends to begin when a baby is a few weeks old. It normally stops by four months of age, or ...1

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Causes of Colic

What causes colic? The cause or causes of colic are unknown, but a number of theories have been suggested. These include indigestion, trapped wind, or a temporary gut sensitivity to certain proteins and sugars found in breast and formula milk ...2

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Differential Diagnosis of Colic

Lactose intolerance: Lactase is an enzyme that helps break down a sugar called lactose, which is found in breast and formula milk. Your baby may have a temporary problem digesting lactose, which could contribute to their colicky symptoms. ...Source: NHS Choices UK ...3

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Causes List for Colic

Possible causes of Colic (or similar symptoms) may include:4

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Clinical Features of Colic

Does my baby have colic? Signs and symptoms of colic include:

  • intense crying bouts
  • crying in the late afternoon or evening that lasts several hours
  • your baby's face being red and flushed when they cry
  • your baby clenching their fists ...
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Treatments for Colic

Tips for helping your baby There's no method that works for all babies with colic, but there are a number of techniques that may help. These include:

  • holding your baby during a crying episode
  • preventing your baby swallowing air by ...
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References

  1. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Colic/ 
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ colic/ treatment/ 
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.