Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and the less severe of the two most common forms. It is also sometimes called Adult Diabetes because this type is typically diagnosed in adults (whereas Type 1 Diabetes is more common in children). Its proper medical name is Non
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Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, which used to be called adult-onset diabetes, can affect people at any age, even children. However, type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people. People who are overweight and inactive are also
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Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Getting checked for diabetes is important because type 2 diabetes shows few symptoms. The only way to know for sure that you have type 2 diabetes is to have a blood test that reveals a higher-than-normal blood sugar
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Complications of Type 2 Diabetes
Left untreated, type 2 diabetes can cause health problems such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation.
...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)3
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Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
What causes type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes—the most common form of diabetes—is caused by several factors, including lifestyle factors and genes.
Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you
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Causes List for Type 2 Diabetes
Some possible causes of Type 2 Diabetes or similar disorders may include:5
- AREDYLD (Type II diabetes mellitus)
- Acanthosis nigricans muscle cramps acral enlargement (Insulin resistance)
- Acanthosis nigricans (Type II diabetes mellitus)
- Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (Insulin-resistant diabetes ...
Types of Type 2 Diabetes
In 1997, the WHO issued a new recommendation for the diagnosis and classification of Diabetes Mellitus (DM), according to which the following types of DM are distinguished:
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) denotes all forms of diabetes with relative insulin deficiency
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Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Can blood glucose tests still be used for diagnosing type 2 diabetes and prediabetes?
Yes. The standard blood glucose tests used for diagnosing type 2 diabetes and prediabetes-the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test and the OGTT—are still recommended
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Genetics of Type 2 Diabetes
For type 2 diabetes, testing positive for some specific gene variants may help predict risk, but no better than other factors—such as obesity, high blood pressure and having a close relative with the disease.
...Source: NIH News in Health
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Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Some factors that raise people’s risk for type 2 diabetes are beyond their control. Having an immediate family member with diabetes increases your risk. Type 2 diabetes is also more common in some races or ethnicities, including African-Americans
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Treatments: Type 2 Diabetes
If metformin isn’t enough to keep blood glucose in check, doctors sometimes add another drug. But no long-term studies have looked at which drug combination works best and has fewer side effects.
...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)
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Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
Knowing whether you have pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes is an important step.
If you have pre-diabetes, you may be able to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by cutting calories and increasing your physical activity to lose
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Research for Type 2 Diabetes
Accelerating Medicines Partnership (AMP—Part 3 of 4)
Type 2 Diabetes
The NIH, pharmaceutical companies, and nonprofit organizations have together created the Accelerating Medicines Partnership (AMP) to develop new models for identifying and validating promising biological targets for new diagnostics
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Names and Terminology
DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2, PROTECTION AGAINST ; DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE II ; KCNJ11-Related Susceptibility to Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus ; NONINSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
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- Source: NIDDK (NIH): niddk.nih.gov/ health-information/ diabetes/ types
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ publications/ pubs/ gest_diabetes/ Pages/ sub11.aspx
- Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ jan2016/ capsule1
- Source: NIDDK (NIH): niddk.nih.gov/ health-information/ diabetes/ overview/ symptoms-causes
- Source: Algorithmically Generated List
- Source: EC (EU): ec.europa.eu/ health/ major_chronic_diseases/ diseases/ diabetes_en
- Source: NIDDK (NIH): niddk.nih.gov/ health-information/ diabetes/ overview/ tests-diagnosis/ a1c-test
- Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ dec2013/ feature1
- Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ nov2014/ feature1
- Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ aug2013/ capsule2
- Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ 2006/ July/ docs/ 01features_02.htm
- Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ fall14/ articles/ fall14pg17.html
- Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ gtr/ conditions/ C0011860/
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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.