Turner Syndrome, or XO syndrome, is a genetic chromosome disorder that results in infertility in women. Affected woman have a single X chromosome at birth, rather than the normal female XX pattern (men have an XY pattern).
People with Turner Syndrome have a generally normal female appearance, but lack ovaries
... More on Turner Syndrome »
Introduction: Turner Syndrome
Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects a girl's development. The cause is a missing or incomplete X chromosome. Girls who have it are short, and their ovaries don't work properly.
Other physical features typical of Turner syndrome are
... More on Turner Syndrome »
Symptoms of Turner Syndrome
Chromosomal or genetic abnormalities can cause the ovaries to stop functioning normally. Turner syndrome, a condition caused by a partially or completely missing X chromosome, and androgen insensitivity syndrome, often characterized by high levels of testosterone, are two examples of
... More Symptoms of Turner Syndrome »
Complications of Turner Syndrome
Various health problems can result from Turner syndrome.2
These include ear infections, high blood pressure, and thyroid problems.
...Source: NICHD (NIH)3
... More on Complications of Turner Syndrome »
Causes of Turner Syndrome
What causes Turner syndrome?
Turner syndrome occurs when part or all of an X chromosome is missing from most or all of the cells in a girl’s body. A girl normally receives one X chromosome from each parent. The
... More Causes of Turner Syndrome »
Causes List for Turner Syndrome
Some possible causes of Turner Syndrome or similar disorders may include:5Full Causes List for Turner Syndrome »
Types of Turner Syndrome
Turner syndrome most often occurs when a female has one normal X chromosome, but the other X chromosome is missing (45,X). Other forms of Turner syndrome result when one of the two chromosomes is partially missing or altered in
... More Types of Turner Syndrome »
Diagnosis of Turner Syndrome
How do health care providers diagnose Turner syndrome?
Health care providers use a combination of physical symptoms and the results of a genetic blood test, called a karyotype (pronounced KAR-ee-uh-tahyp), to determine the chromosomal characteristics of the
... More on Diagnosis of Turner Syndrome »
Genetics of Turner Syndrome
Generally, Turner syndrome is not passed on from mother to child. In most cases, women with Turner syndrome are infertile.
...Source: NICHD (NIH)8
... More on Genetics of Turner Syndrome »
Risk Factors for Turner Syndrome
This disorder affects all races and regions of the world equally.
There are no known environmental risks for Turner syndrome.
Parents who have had many unaffected children can still have a child with Turner syndrome later on.
Generally, Turner syndrome
... More on Risk Factors for Turner Syndrome »
Treatments: Turner Syndrome
What are common treatments for Turner syndrome? Although there is no cure for Turner syndrome, some treatments can help minimize its symptoms. These include1:
- Human growth hormone. If given in early childhood, hormone injections can often increase adult height ...
Prevention of Turner Syndrome
Can Turner syndrome be prevented?
Turner syndrome cannot be prevented. It is a genetic problem that is caused by a random error that leads to a missing X chromosome in the sperm or egg of a parent. There is nothing
... Prevention of Turner Syndrome »
Research for Turner Syndrome
Turner Syndrome: NICHD Research Information:
Turner syndrome affects women throughout their lives, with effects on their growth and development as well as fertility and cardiovascular health. The NICHD is at the forefront of research on Turner syndrome and its effects
... More on Research for Turner Syndrome »
Names and Terminology
- Turner syndrome
Medical or Scientific Names
Source: NICHD (NIH)12
... More General Information on Turner Syndrome »
• • •
- Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ turnersyndrome.html
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ amenorrhea/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ causes.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ treatment.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ causes.aspx
- Source: Algorithmically Generated List
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ default.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ diagnosed.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ risk.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ faqs.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ researchinfo/ Pages/ default.aspx
- Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ turner/ Pages/ default.aspx
• • •
Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.