Sprains and Strains: A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament, the band of connective tissues that joins the end of one bone with another. Sprains are caused by trauma such as a fall or blow to the ...1

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Symptoms of Strain

Symptoms of a strain include pain, muscle spasm, and loss of strength. Although itís hard to tell the difference between mild and moderate strains, severe strains not treated professionally can cause damage and loss of function. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH) ...2

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Causes of Strain

A strain is a twist, pull, or tear of a muscle or tendon, a cord of tissue connecting muscle to bone. It is an acute, noncontact injury that results from overstretching or overcontraction. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)3 ...

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Causes List for Strain

Some possible causes of Strain or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Strain

Muscles in any part of the body can be injured. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)5 ...

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Risk Factors for Strain

Contact sports such as soccer, football, hockey, boxing, and wrestling put people at risk for strains. Gymnastics, tennis, rowing, golf, and other sports that require extensive gripping can increase the risk of hand and forearm strains. Elbow strains sometimes occur ...6

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Treatments: Strain

How Are Sprains and Strains Treated? Reduce Swelling and Pain Treatments for sprains and strains are similar and can be thought of as having two stages. The goal during the first stage is to reduce swelling and pain. At this ...7

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Prevention of Strain

Can Sprains and Strains Be Prevented? People can do many things to help lower their risk of sprains and strains:

  • Avoid exercising or playing sports when tired or in pain.
  • Maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet to keep muscles strong ...
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Research for Strain

Information on research is available from the following resources:

  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Research Trials and You was designed to help people learn more about clinical trials, why they matter, and how to participate. Visitors to the website ...
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  1. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Sports_Injuries/ default.asp
  2. ibid.
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Sports_Injuries/ child_sports_injuries.asp
  6. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Sprains_Strains/ default.asp
  7. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.