Spinal cord injury

Spinal cord injury refers to traumatic accidental injury to the spinal cord, which is the major nerve pathway inside the spine. Varying levels of damage to the spinal cord may occur. Severe spinal cord injury may result in paraplegia or quadriplegia. The spinal cord may also suffer from diseases and ...

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Introduction: Spinal cord injury

A spinal cord injury usually begins with a sudden, traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae. The damage begins at the moment of injury when displaced bone fragments, disc material, or ligaments bruise or tear into spinal ...1

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Symptoms of Spinal cord injury

What are the symptoms of SCI? According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, there are many different symptoms or signs of SCI. Some of the more common signs of SCI include1:

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Complications of Spinal cord injury

The ASIA Impairment Scale has five classification levels, ranging from complete loss of neural function in the affected area to completely normal4:

  • A: The impairment is complete. There is no motor or sensory function left below the level of injury ...
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Causes of Spinal cord injury

Most cases of SCI take place when trauma breaks and squeezes the vertebrae, or the bones of the back. This, in turn, damages the axons—the long nerve cell "wires" that pass through vertebrae, carrying signals between the brain and ...2

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Causes List for Spinal cord injury

Some possible causes of Spinal cord injury or similar disorders may include:3

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Types of Spinal cord injury

An SCI is described by its level, type, and severity. The level of injury for a person with SCI is the lowest point on the spinal cord below which sensory feeling and motor movement diminish or disappear. The level is ...4

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Diagnosis of Spinal cord injury

How is SCI diagnosed? SCIs are not always immediately recognizable. The following injuries should be assessed for possible damage to the spinal cord1:

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Risk Factors for Spinal cord injury

Who is at risk for SCI? SCIs are typically the result of accidents and therefore can happen to anyone. Factors that increase the risk of SCI:

  • Driving or riding in a car. Using a seatbelt can reduce the possibility of ...
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Treatments: Spinal cord injury

What are the treatments for spinal cord injury (SCI)? Unfortunately, there are at present no known ways to reverse damage to the spinal cord. However, researchers are continually working on new treatments, including prostheses and medications, which may promote regeneration ...5

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Prevention of Spinal cord injury

Using a seatbelt can reduce the possibility of an SCI by 60%; using a seatbelt plus having a functioning airbag can cut the odds of this injury by 80%.[3,4] ...Source: NICHD (NIH)6 ...

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Research for Spinal cord injury

The NICHD supports basic research related to SCI and promotes the development and application of devices, including prosthetics and wheelchairs, and the use of biomechanical modeling to improve the quality of life for people regardless of their injury. ...Source: NICHD ...7

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Names and Terminology

Common Name

  • Spinal cord injury (SCI)

Scientific Names

  • Tetraplegia (pronounced te-truh-PLEE-jee-uh and formerly called quadriplegia [pronounced kwod-ruh-PLEE-jee-uh] ...
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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ sci/ sci.htm
  2. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ spinalinjury/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ default.aspx
  3. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  4. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ spinalinjury/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ default.aspx
  5. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ spinalinjury/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ treatments.aspx
  6. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ spinalinjury/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ risk.aspx
  7. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ spinalinjury/ Pages/ default.aspx

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.