Causes of Short Stature

Chondrodysplasias, Osteogenesis Imperfecta: People with bone growth disorders may have brittle bones or bones that are too long or too short. Some cause people to be unusually short (chondrodysplasias, osteogenesis imperfecta).

Source: NIAMS (NIH)1

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Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may cause any of the following:

  • Changes in the way the face or skull form, especially when treatment is given to children before age 5 or when high-dose radiation is given.
  • Short stature (being shorter than normal).
  • Scoliosis (curving of the spine) or kyphosis (rounding of the spine).
  • One arm or leg is shorter than the other arm or leg.
  • Osteoporosis (weak or thin bones that can break easily).
  • Osteoradionecrosis (parts of the jaw bone die from a lack of blood flow).
  • Osteochondroma (a benign tumor of the bone).

Source: NCI (NIH)2

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Achondroplasia: Achondroplasia is a disorder of bone growth. It is the most common form of disproportionate short stature.

Source: NHGRI (NIH)3

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Restricted growth: Restricted growth, sometimes known as dwarfism, is a condition characterised by unusually short height.

Source: NHS Choices UK4

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Turner syndrome: Girls with Turner syndrome are typically short in relation to the height of their parents. On average, adult women with untreated Turner syndrome are 20cm (8 inches) shorter than adult women without the syndrome.

Source: NHS Choices UK5

Causes of Short Stature

Causes of the condition may include:6 Causes of short stature:


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More causes of the condition may include:7 Causes of Short Stature:

Causes List for Short Stature

Some of the possible causes of Short Stature or similar disorders may include:8

... Full Causes List for Short Stature »

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References

  1. Source: NIAMS (NIH): niams.nih.gov/ Health_Info/ Connective_Tissue/ default.asp
  2. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ childhood-cancers/ late-effects-pdq
  3. Source: NHGRI (NIH): genome.gov/ 19517823/ learning-about-achondroplasia/ 
  4. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Restricted-growth/ 
  5. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ turner-syndrome/ symptoms/ 
  6. Source: Human Phenotype Ontology
  7. ibid.
  8. Source: Algorithmically Generated List

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.