Scoliosis is a posture disorder of spinal curvature where the spine curves to the side (left or right). This differs from Kyphosis where the spine curves too far forwards (vertically) causing a hunchback and leaning forward posture. There is also Lordosis where the spine curves backwards causing “swayback” (leaning backwards ...

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Introduction: Scoliosis

What Is Scoliosis? Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal disorder in which there is a sideways curvature of the spine, or backbone. The bones that make up the spine are called vertebrae. Some people who have scoliosis require treatment. Other people, who ...1

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Symptoms of Scoliosis

Symptoms of scoliosis Signs of scoliosis include:

  • a visibly curved spine
  • leaning to one side
  • uneven shoulders
  • one shoulder or hip sticking out
  • the ribs sticking out on one side
  • clothes not fitting well

Some people with scoliosis may also ...2

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Complications of Scoliosis

Curvature of the spine can cause long-term backache. In severe cases, it can also make breathing difficult as the spine may press against the heart and lungs. ...Source: NHS Choices UK3 ...

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Causes of Scoliosis

Spinal Injury: Causes of scoliosis due to physical injury that has affected the spine include:

Neurological Disorders: Diseases ...

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Causes of Scoliosis

In most cases the cause is not known, but it may be more common in people who have a family history of the condition. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)4 ...

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Causes List for Scoliosis

Some possible causes of Scoliosis or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Scoliosis

Doctors group curves of the spine by their location, shape, pattern, and cause. They use this information to decide how best to treat the scoliosis.

  • Location. To identify a curve’s location, doctors find the apex of the curve (the ...
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Diagnosis of Scoliosis

How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed? Doctors take the following steps to evaluate patients for scoliosis:

  • Medical history. The doctor talks to the patient and the patient’s parent(s) and reviews the patient’s records to look for medical problems that ...
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Genetics of Scoliosis

Scoliosis can run in families. A child who has a parent, brother, or sister with idiopathic scoliosis should have regular checkups by the family doctor. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)6 ...

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Treatments: Scoliosis

Treatment can include braces, physical therapy, and, in some cases, surgery. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)7 ...

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Research for Scoliosis

What Research Is Being Conducted on Scoliosis? Researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are exploring genetic and neurological factors that may cause idiopathic scoliosis in an effort to identify targets for prevention and new treatments. In one ...8

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  1. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Scoliosis/ default.asp
  2. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ Scoliosis/ 
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ marfan-syndrome/ symptoms/ 
  4. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Connective_Tissue/ default.asp
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Scoliosis/ scoliosis_ff.asp
  7. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Connective_Tissue/ default.asp
  8. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Scoliosis/ default.asp

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.