Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer is cancer of the ovary. It is often undiagnosed or diagnosed late because the tumor is difficulty to detect and there are no early symptoms. Symptoms noticed are often those of the spread of the tumor to other organs, such as abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, indigestion, ascites, weight loss ...

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Introduction: Ovarian Cancer

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later. When cancer starts in ...1

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Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer often causes signs and symptoms, so it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you. Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is ...2

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Complications of Ovarian Cancer

Cancers that start in the ovaries can spread to other parts of the body. This is called metastasis. Cancer that starts in the ovaries and spreads to other parts of the body is still called ovarian cancer. ...Source: OWH (DHHS) ...3

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Causes of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian epithelial cancer, fallopian tube cancer, and primary peritoneal cancer are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissue covering the ovary or lining the fallopian tube or peritoneum. ...Source: NCI (NIH)4 ...

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Causes List for Ovarian Cancer

Some possible causes of Ovarian Cancer or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Ovarian Cancer

There are several types of malignant ovarian tumors:

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Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer

Tests to diagnose and stage ovarian cancer may include the following:

See the General Information section for a description of these tests and procedures.

During surgery to remove the tumor, fluid ...6

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Genetics of Ovarian Cancer

What are BRCA1 and BRCA2? BRCA1 and BRCA2 are human genes that produce tumor suppressor proteins. These proteins help repair damaged DNA and, therefore, play a role in ensuring the stability of the cell’s genetic material. When either of ...7

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Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer

The risk of ovarian cancer is increased by having one of the following conditions:

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Treatments: Ovarian Cancer

What targeted therapies have been approved for specific types of cancer? Ovarian epithelial/fallopian tube/primary peritoneal cancers: Bevacizumab (Avastin®), olaparib (Lynparza™) ...Source: NCI (NIH)8 ...

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Prevention of Ovarian Cancer

Women with an increased risk of ovarian cancer may consider surgery to lessen the risk. Some women who have an increased risk of ovarian cancer may choose to have a risk-reducing oophorectomy (the removal of healthy ovaries so that ...9

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for This Condition

Source: GHR (NLM/NIH) ...10

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References

  1. Source: CDC Cancer: cdc.gov/ cancer/ ovarian/ index.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: OWH (DHHS): womenshealth.gov/ cancer/ ovarian-cancer
  4. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ ovarian/ patient/ ovarian-epithelial-treatment-pdq
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ childhood-cancers/ patient/ unusual-cancers-childhood-pdq
  7. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ about-cancer/ causes-prevention/ genetics/ brca-fact-sheet
  8. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ about-cancer/ treatment/ types/ targeted-therapies/ targeted-therapies-fact-sheet
  9. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ ovarian/ patient/ ovarian-epithelial-treatment-pdq
  10. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ condition/ ovarian-cancer

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.