Myopia

Myopia is called near-sightedness in the USA and short-sightedness elsewhere in the English-speaking world. It a vision disorder where you can see items that are near to you, but cannot properly focus on objects that are far away. Symptoms include blurred vision, halos around distant lights, and ...

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Introduction: Myopia

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common type of refractive error where close objects appear clearly, but distant objects appear blurry. Facts About Myopia Refraction is the bending of light as it passes through one object to another. Vision ...1

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Symptoms of Myopia

What are the symptoms of myopia? If you have myopia, you have trouble seeing things far away, but you can see nearby things clearly. This is why myopia is commonly called nearsightedness. If you can see well enough to read ...2

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Complications of Myopia

High myopia can increase the risk for retinal detachment, early development of cataracts and glaucoma. In degenerative myopia, people with the condition have a significantly increased risk of retinal detachment and other degenerative changes in the back of the eye ...3

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Causes of Myopia

But in a myopic eye, the eyeball is usually too long from front to back. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on its surface. This makes distant objects blurry ...4

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Causes List for Myopia

Some possible causes of Myopia or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Myopia

What is high myopia? High myopia is a severe form of myopia in which the eyeball continues to grow and becomes very long from front to back. It can increase the risk for retinal detachment, early development of cataracts and ...6

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Diagnosis of Myopia

How is myopia diagnosed? An eye care professional can diagnose myopia during an eye exam, which usually begins with a visual acuity test. This test uses a standardized chart or card with rows of letters that decrease in size from ...7

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Genetics of Myopia

Degenerative myopia (also called pathological or malignant myopia) is a rare and mostly inherited type of myopia that begins in early childhood. ...Source: NEI (NIH)8 ...

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Risk Factors for Myopia

What can increase your risk? Although it's not clear exactly why some people become short-sighted, there are some things that can increase your chances of developing the condition. These are described below. Your genes Short-sightedness is known to ...9

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Treatments: Myopia

What kinds of treatments are available for myopia? The most common way to treat myopia is to prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses. Refractive surgery, once the eyes have stopped growing, has become another option for many people. To find out ...10

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Research for Myopia

What research is being done? From 1996-2013 the COMET (Correction of Myopia Evaluation Trial) made many contributions to our understanding of why myopia develops and how it can be treated. One of the most recent COMET reports, published in ...11

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References

  1. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ myopia
  2. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ errors/ myopia
  3. ibid.
  4. ibid.
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ errors/ myopia
  7. ibid.
  8. ibid.
  9. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ short-sightedness/ causes/ 
  10. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ errors/ myopia
  11. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.