Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (often called just “MS”) is a disease of the spinal cord and nerves. The cause is an attack on the nerve and spinal cord cells by the body’s own immune cells (called an autoimmune disease). Symptoms are typically related to sensations (e.g. tingling, burning sensations), movement ...

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Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis

An unpredictable disease of the central nervous system, multiple sclerosis (MS) can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between the brain and other parts of the body is disrupted. Many investigators believe MS to be ...1

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Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Symptoms of MS arise most often between the ages of 20 and 40. It often begins with blurred or double vision, color distortion, or even blindness in one eye. It can cause muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness or tingling, and ...2

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Complications of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) disrupts communication between the brain and other parts of the body. In the worst cases, it can bring partial or complete paralysis. Researchers don’t yet know what causes this disease or how to cure it, but ...3

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Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

MS is a disease in which the body’s immune system inappropriately attacks the brain and spinal cord. Specifically, the immune system targets the fatty insulating material around nerves called myelin. When myelin is damaged, the messages that nerve cells ...4

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Causes List for Multiple Sclerosis

Some possible causes of Multiple Sclerosis or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Multiple Sclerosis

For most people, it starts with a first attack, usually (but not always) followed by a full to almost-full recovery. Weeks, months, or even years may pass before another attack occurs, followed again by a period of relief from ...6

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Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis

Doctors will often use imaging techniques, such as MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), to search for old and new lesions (areas of damage) on the brain. The presence of older brain lesions on MRI suggest that the condition may be MS ...7

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Genetics of Multiple Sclerosis

Genes clearly affect how likely you are to develop MS. Having a sibling with MS raises your risk of getting MS to about 4% to 5%; having an identical twin raises your risk to about 25% to 30%. These facts ...8

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Risk Factors for Multiple Sclerosis

“Not only are women more susceptible to MS, but women also have many more considerations in the management of the disease, especially since it often begins during child-bearing years,” says Dr. Ellen Mowry, a specialist who studies MS at ...9

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Misdiagnosis: Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis has a difficult diagnosis that may take some time. Multiple sclerosis can cause a large variety of symptoms and medical complications, simply depending on exactly what part of the spinal cord or nerve sheaths are being attacked. Multiple ...

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Treatments: Multiple Sclerosis

Is there any treatment? There is as yet no cure for MS. Many patients do well with no therapy at all, especially since many medications have serious side effects and some carry significant risks. However, three forms of beta interferon ...10

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Research for Multiple Sclerosis

What research is being done? The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and other institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct research in laboratories at the NIH and also support additional research through grants to major ...11

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for This Condition

Source: GHR (NLM/NIH)12 ...

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ multiple_sclerosis/ multiple_sclerosis.htm
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ mar2011/ feature2
  3. ibid.
  4. ibid.
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ multiple_sclerosis/ detail_multiple_sclerosis.htm
  7. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ acute_encephalomyelitis/ acute_encephalomyelitis.htm
  8. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ mar2011/ feature2
  9. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ may2016/ feature1
  10. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ multiple_sclerosis/ multiple_sclerosis.htm
  11. ibid.
  12. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): condition/ multiple-sclerosis

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.