Migraine refers to a chronic headache condition, which usually recurs over time. Migraines vary with people, ranging from a headache-like event to an extremely debilitating headache (e.g. nausea, vomiting, the need to avoid light and movement, and other symptoms). Migraine may occur with or without an “aura”, which ...

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Introduction: Migraine

Migraine headaches are usually characterized by severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach, and, at times, disturbed vision. Women are more likely than men to have migraine headaches. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)1 ...

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Symptoms of Migraine

The pain can be severe, with pulsing and throbbing, and can last for several days. Migraine symptoms can also include blurry vision and nausea. ...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)2 ...

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Complications of Migraine

Many people feel exhausted or weak following a migraine but are usually symptom-free between attacks. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)3 ...

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Causes of Migraine

Although the exact cause of migraine pain is unknown, one theory is that it’s linked to the widening and tightening of blood vessels surrounding the brain, which irritates the nearby nerves. ...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)4 ...

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Causes List for Migraine

Some possible causes of Migraine or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Migraine

The two major types of migraine are:

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Diagnosis of Migraine

The pain of a migraine headache is often described as an intense pulsing or throbbing pain in one area of the head. However, it is much more; the International Headache Society diagnoses a migraine by its pain and number of ...6

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Genetics of Migraine

Migraines tend to run in families. ...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)7 ...

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Risk Factors for Migraine

Be careful not to overuse headache medications. Overuse can cause “rebound” headaches, making headaches more frequent and painful. People with repeating headaches, such as migraines or tension headaches, are especially at risk. Experts advise not taking certain pain-relief medicines ...8

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Misdiagnosis: Migraine

Migraine is an inherently difficult diagnosis. There are many other possible conditions to consider, and migraine is a diagnosis by exclusion. Diagnosing Other Causes of Headache: There are many, many possible causes of headache. Fortunately, there are not as many ...

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Treatments: Migraine

Migraine headaches can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Migraines often recur but may be prevented with prescription drugs. Avoid food and drinks that can trigger migraines, including caffeine, alcohol and processed meats. Relaxation techniques may reduce ...9

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Prevention of Migraine

A health care provider may prescribe medications to prevent migraines for people with cyclic vomiting syndrome. ...Source: NIDDK (NIH)10 ...

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Research for Migraine

What research is being done? Researchers believe that migraine is the result of fundamental neurological abnormalities caused by genetic mutations at work in the brain. New models are aiding scientists in studying the basic science involved in the biological cascade ...11

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Names and Terminology

Synonyms: MIGRAINE WITH OR WITHOUT AURA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 1 ; Migraine Disorders ...Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH)12 ...

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ headache/ headache.htm
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ mar2014/ feature2
  3. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ headache/ detail_headache.htm
  4. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ 2008/ June/ docs/ 01features_02.htm
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ migraine/ migraine.htm
  7. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ mar2014/ feature2
  8. ibid.
  9. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ 2008/ June/ docs/ 01features_02.htm
  10. Source: NIDDK (NIH): niddk.nih.gov/ health-information/ digestive-diseases/ cyclic-vomiting-syndrome
  11. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ migraine/ migraine.htm
  12. Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ gtr/ conditions/ C0149931/ 

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