Middle Ear Infection

A middle ear infection, also called “otitis media”, is an infection of the middle ear. It is a common complication of respiratory viral infections such as the common cold. In such cases, the middle ear becomes infected, and a bacterial cause is common. Ear infections are common in children, but ...

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Introduction: Middle Ear Infection

Acute otitis media, or AOM, is the type of ear infection that affects the inside of the ear and can be painful. AOM is often caused by bacteria, but can also be caused by viruses. The bacteria that usually cause ...1

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Symptoms of Middle Ear Infection

Fluid may build up behind the eardrum and cause severe ear pain. Other signs and symptoms can include fever and temporary hearing loss. ...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)2 ...

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Complications of Middle Ear Infection

Complications of pneumococcal otitis media may include mastoiditis and meningitis. ...Source: CDC3 ...

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Causes of Middle Ear Infection

The scientific name for an ear infection is otitis media. It’s an inflammation of the middle ear, which is located just behind the eardrum. It’s usually caused by bacteria. Ear infections often appear after a cold or other ...4

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Causes List for Middle Ear Infection

Some possible causes of Middle Ear Infection or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Middle Ear Infection

Some of the types of this condition may include:6 Types of Middle Ear Infection:

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Diagnosis of Middle Ear Infection

How does a doctor diagnose a middle ear infection? The first thing a doctor will do is ask you about your child’s health. Has your child had a head cold or sore throat recently? Is he having trouble sleeping ...7

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Risk Factors for Middle Ear Infection

Children are especially at risk for ear infections, partly because a tube to the ear—called the eustachian tube—is less well developed in kids than in adults. This can make it harder for fluid to drain out and for ...8

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Misdiagnosis: Middle Ear Infection

Undiagnosed Ear Infection: A middle ear infection is often diagnosed late, because the person typically already has a respiratory infection (e.g. common cold, flu), or a throat infection. The distinctive symptoms are therefore often ear pain, or a fever ...

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Treatments: Middle Ear Infection

Your child may get a prescription for bacteria-killing drugs called antibiotics. Most kids start to feel better after just a day of treatment. Even so, antibiotics must be taken exactly as directed, usually for 10 days, to keep the ...9

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Prevention of Middle Ear Infection

The best way to prevent ear infections is to avoid things that put your child at risk. Keep kids away from second-hand smoke. Discourage taking a bottle to bed. Wash hands often to prevent the spread of germs. And ...10

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Research for Middle Ear Infection

What research is being done on middle ear infections? Researchers sponsored by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) are exploring many areas to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of middle ear infections. For example, finding ...11

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References

  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ getsmart/ community/ for-patients/ common-illnesses/ ear-infection.html
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ sep2010/ feature2
  3. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ pneumococcal/ clinicians/ clinical-features.html
  4. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ sep2010/ feature2
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: Human Phenotype Ontology
  7. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ ear-infections-children
  8. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ sep2010/ feature2
  9. ibid.
  10. ibid.
  11. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ ear-infections-children

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.