Anophthalmia and microphthalmia are birth defects of a baby’s eye(s). Anophthalmia is a birth defect where a baby is born without one or both eyes. Microphthalmia is a birth defect in which one or both eyes did not ...1

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Complications of Microphthalmia

Anophthalmia and microphthalmia often result in blindness or limited vision. ...Source: CDC NCBDDD2 ...

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Causes of Microphthalmia

What causes anophthalmia and microphthalmia? Causes of these conditions may include genetic mutations and abnormal chromosomes. Researchers also believe that environmental factors, such as exposure to X-rays, chemicals, drugs, pesticides, toxins, radiation, or viruses, increase the risk of anophthalmia ...3

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Causes List for Microphthalmia

Some possible causes of Microphthalmia or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Microphthalmia

Some of the types of this condition may include:5 Types of Microphthalmia:

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Diagnosis of Microphthalmia

Diagnosis: Anophthalmia and microphthalmia can either be diagnosed during pregnancy or after birth. During pregnancy, doctors can often identify anophthalmia and microphthalmia through an ultrasound or a CT scan (special x-ray test) and sometimes with certain genetic testing. After ...6

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Genetics of Microphthalmia

Genetic Changes: Microphthalmia may be caused by changes in many genes involved in the early development of the eye, most of which have not been identified. The condition may also result from a chromosomal abnormality affecting one or more genes ...7

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Treatments: Microphthalmia

Can anophthalmia and microphthalmia be treated? There is no treatment for severe anophthalmia or microphthalmia that will create a new eye or restore vision. However, some less severe forms of microphthalmia may benefit from medical or surgical treatments. In almost ...8

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for This Condition

Source: GHR (NLM/NIH)9 ...

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  1. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ anophthalmia-microphthalmia.html
  2. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ anophthalmia-microphthalmia.html
  3. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ anoph/ anophthalmia
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: Human Phenotype Ontology
  6. Source: CDC NCBDDD: cdc.gov/ ncbddd/ birthdefects/ anophthalmia-microphthalmia.html
  7. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ condition/ microphthalmia
  8. Source: NEI (NIH): nei.nih.gov/ health/ anoph/ anophthalmia
  9. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ condition/ microphthalmia

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.