Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal disease is a life-threatening bacterial illness, usually causing meningitis (i.e. bacterial meningitis). It is a somewhat contagious disease that may occur in small outbreaks. Exposure to a person with meningococcal disease or a hemorrhagic rash is a serious concern requiring immediate medical attention. A hemorrhagic rash is ...

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Introduction: Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal disease can refer to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus [muh-ning-goh-KOK-us]. These illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the ...1

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Symptoms of Meningococcal disease

CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Meningococcal disease generally occurs 1-10 days after exposure and presents as meningitis in ?50% of cases. Meningococcal meningitis is characterized by sudden onset of headache, fever, and stiffness of the neck, sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia ...2

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Complications of Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal meningitis is very serious and can be fatal. In fatal cases, deaths can occur in as little as a few hours. In non-fatal cases, permanent disabilities can include hearing loss and brain damage. ...Source: CDC3 ...

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Causes of Meningococcal disease

INFECTIOUS AGENT: Neisseria meningitidis is a gram-negative diplococcus. Meningococci are classified into serogroups on the basis of the composition of the capsular polysaccharide. The 6 major meningococcal serogroups associated with disease are A, B, C, W, X, and Y ...4

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Causes List for Meningococcal disease

Some possible causes of Meningococcal disease or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Meningococcal disease

Meningococci are classified into serogroups on the basis of the composition of the capsular polysaccharide. The 6 major meningococcal serogroups associated with disease are A, B, C, W, X, and Y. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20166 ...

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Diagnosis of Meningococcal disease

DIAGNOSIS: Early diagnosis and treatment are critical. A lumbar puncture should be done to examine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and perform a Gram stain. If possible, the lumbar puncture should be done before starting antibiotic therapy to ensure that bacteria ...7

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Risk Factors for Meningococcal disease

Risk Groups: Groups at increased risk for meningococcal disease include household or close contacts of case patients, patients without a functioning spleen or with terminal complement component deficiencies, microbiologists who are routinely exposed to isolates of Neisseria meningitidis, people identified ...8

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Treatments: Meningococcal disease

TREATMENT: Meningococcal disease is potentially fatal and should always be viewed as a medical emergency. Antibiotic treatment must be started early in the course of the disease, and empirically prior to the diagnostic test results. Several antibiotic choices are available ...9

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Prevention of Meningococcal disease

Antibiotic Chemoprophylaxis: In the United States and most industrialized countries, antibiotic chemoprophylaxis is recommended for close contacts of a patient with invasive meningococcal disease to prevent secondary cases. Chemoprophylaxis ideally should be initiated within 24 hours after the index patient ...10

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References

  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningococcal/ index.html
  2. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ meningococcal-disease
  3. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningococcal/ about/ symptoms.html
  4. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ meningococcal-disease
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ meningococcal-disease
  7. ibid.
  8. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningococcal/ clinical-info.html
  9. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ meningococcal-disease
  10. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.