Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation or infection of the meninges, which are membranes in the brain and central nervous system. Meningitis is a very serious disease that requires immediate medical attention. If there is also encephalitis (brain inflammation), the combined disease is called meningoencephalitis. The severity of meningitis depends on its type ...

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Introduction: Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. This inflammation is usually caused by an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is usually caused ...1

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Symptoms of Meningitis

Symptoms of meningitis, which may appear suddenly, often include high fever, severe and persistent headache, stiff neck, nausea, sensitivity to bright light, and vomiting. Changes in behavior such as confusion, sleepiness, and difficulty waking up may also occur. In infants ...2

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Complications of Meningitis

Most people with bacterial meningitis who are treated quickly will also make a full recovery, although some are left with serious, long-term problems. These can include:

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Causes of Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain itself. Causes of encephalitis and meningitis include viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites. ...

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Causes List for Meningitis

Some possible causes of Meningitis or similar disorders may include:3

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Types of Meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis: Meningitis caused by bacteria, like Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, and Neisseria meningitidis can be life threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Vaccines are available to help protect against some kinds of bacterial meningitis. Viral Meningitis Meningitis caused ...4

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Diagnosis of Meningitis

Diagnosis: If a doctor thinks you have meningitis, they will collect samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid (fluid near the spinal cord). A laboratory will test the samples to see what is causing the infection. It is important to know ...5

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Risk Factors for Meningitis

Who's most at risk? Anyone can potentially get meningitis, but it's more common in:

  • babies and young children
  • teenagers and young adults
  • elderly people
  • people with a weak immune system - for example, those with HIVand those having chemotherapy

You can ...6

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Treatments: Meningitis

Is there any treatment? Anyone experiencing symptoms of meningitis or encephalitis should see a doctor immediately. Antibiotics for most types of meningitis can greatly reduce the risk of dying from the disease. Antiviral medications may be prescribed for viral encephalitis ...7

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Prevention of Meningitis

Prevention:  Some forms of bacterial meningitis can be prevented by vaccination: Haemophilus influenzae type b - Hib vaccine is recommended as part of the National Immunisation Program and is available free for all children at 6 weeks, 4 months, 6 months ...8

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Research for Meningitis

What research is being done? The mission of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disease ...9

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References

  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningitis/ index.html
  2. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ encephalitis_meningitis/ encephalitis_meningitis.htm
  3. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  4. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningitis/ index.html
  5. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ meningitis/ bacterial.html
  6. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ meningitis/ causes/ 
  7. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ encephalitis_meningitis/ encephalitis_meningitis.htm
  8. Source: Queensland Health: conditions.health.qld.gov.au/ HealthCondition/ condition/ 8/ 33/ 92/ meningitis-all-types
  9. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ encephalitis_meningitis/ encephalitis_meningitis.htm

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.