Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which the primary characteristic is excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) -- the clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. This excessive accumulation results in an abnormal dilation of the spaces in the brain ...1

... More on Hydrocephalus »

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus

Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary with age, disease progression, and individual differences in tolerance to CSF. In infancy, the most obvious indication of hydrocephalus is often the rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. In older children ...2

... More Symptoms of Hydrocephalus »

Complications of Hydrocephalus

If left untreated, progressive hydrocephalus is fatal, with rare exceptions. The parents of children with hydrocephalus should be aware that hydrocephalus poses risks to both cognitive and physical development. Treatment by an interdisciplinary team of medical professionals, rehabilitation specialists, and ...3

... More on Complications of Hydrocephalus »

Causes of Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which the primary characteristic is excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) -- the clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. This excessive accumulation results in an abnormal dilation of the spaces in the brain ...4

... More Causes of Hydrocephalus »

Causes List for Hydrocephalus

Some possible causes of Hydrocephalus or similar disorders may include:5

... Full Causes List for Hydrocephalus »

Types of Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus may be congenital or acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus is present at birth and may be caused by genetic abnormalities or developmental disorders such as spina bifida and encephalocele. Acquired hydrocephalus develops at the time of birth or at some point ...6

... More Types of Hydrocephalus »

Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is diagnosed through clinical neurological evaluation and by using cranial imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, computer tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or pressure-monitoring techniques. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)7 ...

... More on Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus »

Genetics of Hydrocephalus

Modes of inheritance: Autosomal recessive inheritance (HPO, OMIM, Orphanet) ...Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH)8 ...

... More on Genetics of Hydrocephalus »

Treatments: Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus. If an infant with spina bifida has hydrocephalus (water on the brain), a surgeon can implant a shunt—a small hollow tube to drain fluid—to relieve pressure on the brain. Treating hydrocephalus can prevent problems such as blindness ...9

... More Treatment Information for Hydrocephalus »

Research for Hydrocephalus

What research is being done? The NINDS conducts and supports a wide range of fundamental studies that explore the complex mechanisms of normal brain development. Much of this research focuses on finding better ways to protect, treat, and ultimately cure ...10

... More on Research for Hydrocephalus »

Names and Terminology

Other Names: Hydrocephaly; Ventriculomegaly ...Source: GARD (NIH)11 ...

... More General Information on Hydrocephalus »

   •   •   •

References

  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hydrocephalus/ hydrocephalus.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. ibid.
  4. ibid.
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hydrocephalus/ hydrocephalus.htm
  7. ibid.
  8. Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ gtr/ conditions/ C0020255/ 
  9. Source: NICHD (NIH): nichd.nih.gov/ health/ topics/ ntds/ conditioninfo/ Pages/ treatment.aspx
  10. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ hydrocephalus/ detail_hydrocephalus.htm
  11. Source: GARD (NIH): rarediseases.info.nih.gov/ diseases/ 6682/ hydrocephalus

   •   •   •

Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.