High Cholesterol

High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, refers to having high levels of a substance called cholesterol in the blood. It is a common chronic condition that often has no symptoms itself, but is a major risk factor for heart disease and arteriosclerosis (“narrowed arteries”). Cholesterol damages the arteries by causing a build ...

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Introduction: High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that your body needs. When you have too much cholesterol in your blood, it can build up on your artery walls. Too much cholesterol puts you at risk for heart disease and stroke ...1

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Symptoms of High Cholesterol

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Cholesterol? High blood cholesterol usually has no signs or symptoms. Thus, many people don't know that their cholesterol levels are too high. If you're 20 years old or older, have ...2

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Complications of High Cholesterol

People who have high blood cholesterol have a greater chance of getting coronary heart disease, also called coronary artery disease. (In this article, the term “heart disease” refers to coronary heart disease.) The higher the level of LDL cholesterol in ...3

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Causes of High Cholesterol

Primary Hypercholesterolemia: The main type of high cholesterol is a chronic condition with no single clear cause. It is called primary hypercholesterolemia, or idiopathic hypercholesterolemia, or essential hypercholesterolemia. Risk Factors: There is not a single cause, but there are multiple ...

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Causes of High Cholesterol

What Causes High Blood Cholesterol? Many factors can affect the cholesterol levels in your blood. You can control some factors, but not others. Factors You Can Control Diet Cholesterol is found in foods that come from animal sources, such as ...4

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Causes List for High Cholesterol

Some possible causes of High Cholesterol or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of High Cholesterol

  • Total cholesterol. Total cholesterol is a measure of the total amount of cholesterol in your blood, including low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
  • LDL cholesterol. LDL, or “bad,” cholesterol is the main source of cholesterol ...
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Diagnosis of High Cholesterol

How Is High Blood Cholesterol Diagnosed? Your doctor will diagnose high blood cholesterol by checking the cholesterol levels in your blood. A blood test called a lipoprotein panel can measure your cholesterol levels. Before the test, you’ll need to ...6

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Genetics of High Cholesterol

Do gene-based challenges like familial hypercholesterolemia perhaps hold a key to how we understand cholesterol in all people? Yes. Our understanding of the role of the LDL-receptor contributed to the eventual discovery of statins and their potential role ...7

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Risk Factors for High Cholesterol

Some factors affecting your cholesterol level are out of your control. As you get older, for example, your cholesterol level naturally rises. Before menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age, but after menopause women ...8

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Treatments: High Cholesterol

How Is High Blood Cholesterol Treated? High blood cholesterol is treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The main goal of treatment is to lower your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level enough to reduce your risk for coronary heart disease ...9

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Research for High Cholesterol

What Do Fats Do in the Body? When you have your cholesterol checked, the doctor typically gives you your levels of three fats found in the blood: LDL, HDL and triglycerides. High levels of LDL and triglycerides can lead to ...10

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for High Blood Cholesterol

Source ...11

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  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ cholesterol/ 
  2. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc/ signs
  3. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc
  4. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc/ causes
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc/ diagnosis
  7. Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ summer12/ articles/ summer12pg5.html
  8. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ 2008/ January/ docs/ 01features_01.htm
  9. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc/ treatment
  10. Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ spring13/ articles/ spring13pg20-21.html
  11. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ hbc/ names

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.