Glaucoma is a serious eye disorder where the eye’s internal pressure gets too high. There are two types: acute and chronic. Acute glaucoma (closed-angle glaucoma) is a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment to avoid permanent blindness in the affected eye. Chronic Open-Angle Glaucoma is more common and ...

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Introduction: Glaucoma

Glaucoma. Glaucoma is a group of diseases that may be caused by an increase in eye pressure. Glaucoma can damage the optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. People with diabetes are more likely to get a severe ...1

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Symptoms of Glaucoma

At first, open-angle glaucoma has no symptoms. It causes no pain. Vision stays normal. Glaucoma can develop in one or both eyes. Without treatment, people with glaucoma will slowly lose their peripheral (side) vision. As glaucoma remains untreated, people ...2

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Complications of Glaucoma

When the optic nerve is damaged from increased pressure, open-angle glaucoma-and vision loss—may result. That’s why controlling pressure inside the eye is important. ...Source: NEI (NIH)3 ...

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Causes of Glaucoma

In addition to high intraocular pressure, damage can also be caused by poor blood supply to the optic nerve fibres, weakness in the structure of the nerve, or a problem in the health of the nerve fibres themselves. ...Source: Queensland Health ...4

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Causes List for Glaucoma

Some possible causes of Glaucoma or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Glaucoma

Glaucoma can develop without increased eye pressure. This form of glaucoma is called low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma. It is a type of open-angle glaucoma. ...Source: NEI (NIH)6 ...

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Diagnosis of Glaucoma

Fortunately, glaucoma can be detected through a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Early detection can lead to earlier treatment, which can control the disease and prevent future vision loss. If you are at higher risk, you should get a comprehensive dilated ...7

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Genetics of Glaucoma

It is estimated that nearly 100,000 individuals in the US suffer from glaucoma due to a mutation in the GLC1A gene, found on chromosome 1. There has been some speculation as to the role of the gene product in ...8

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Risk Factors for Glaucoma

Who is at risk for open-angle glaucoma? Anyone can develop glaucoma. Some people, listed below, are at higher risk than others:

  • African Americans over age 40
  • Everyone over age 60, especially Mexican Americans
  • People with a family history of ...
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Treatments: Glaucoma

Glaucoma Treatments: Immediate treatment for early-stage, open-angle glaucoma can delay progression of the disease. That’s why early diagnosis is very important. Glaucoma treatments include medicines, laser trabeculoplasty, conventional surgery, or a combination of any of these. While ...9

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Prevention of Glaucoma

It's not clear whether you can do anything to prevent glaucoma, but having regular eye tests should pick it up as early as possible. ...Source: NHS Choices UK10 ...

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  1. Source: NIDDK (NIH): health-information/ diabetes/ preventing-diabetes-problems/ keep-eyes-healthy
  2. Source: NEI (NIH): health/ glaucoma/ glaucoma_facts
  3. Source: NEI (NIH): health/ glaucoma
  4. Source: Queensland Health: HealthCondition/ condition/ 11/ 94/ 332/ glaucoma
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NEI (NIH): health/ glaucoma/ glaucoma_facts
  7. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): 2007/ May/ docs/ 02capsules.htm
  8. Source: NCBI, Genes and Disease (NCBI/NIH): books/ NBK22215/ 
  9. Source: NEI (NIH): health/ glaucoma/ glaucoma_facts
  10. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ Glaucoma/ 

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.