Epilepsy is a brain disorder with characteristic episodes of dysfunction. Effects may range in severity from brief loss of attention (“staring into space”) to full physical convulsions (“fits”). Mild attacks of inattention are called “petit mal seizures” whereas body convulsions are called “grand mal seizures”. Epilepsy may also cause smaller ...

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Introduction: Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a broad term used for a brain disorder that causes seizures. There are many different types of epilepsy. There are also different kinds of seizures. ...Source: CDC1 ...

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Symptoms of Epilepsy

When you hear the word epilepsy, you might think of intense seizures with muscle spasms and loss of consciousness. But most epilepsy seizures are surprisingly subtle and may be hard to recognize. These little spells can be an early warning ...2

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Complications of Epilepsy

Most seizures do not cause brain damage, but ongoing uncontrolled seizures may cause brain damage. It is not uncommon for people with epilepsy, especially children, to develop behavioral and emotional problems in conjunction with seizures. Issues may also arise as ...3

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Causes of Epilepsy

The causes of epilepsy are varied. “Defects in genes are probably responsible for the largest fraction of epilepsy cases,” Noebels says. Scientists so far have linked more than 150 genes to epilepsy. “Other types of epilepsy can be acquired through ...4

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Causes List for Epilepsy

Some possible causes of Epilepsy or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Epilepsy

Types of seizures can also vary widely, which is why epilepsy is sometimes called a “spectrum disorder.” In some people, seizures may appear only occasionally. At the other end of the spectrum, a person may have hundreds of seizures a ...6

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Diagnosis of Epilepsy

The condition can now be diagnosed through imaging tools like MRI or CT scans, by testing blood for defective genes, or by measuring the brain’s electrical activity. ...Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)7 ...

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Genetics of Epilepsy

Genetics: Genetic mutations may play a key role in the development of certain epilepsies. Many types of epilepsy affect multiple blood-related family members, pointing to a strong inherited genetic component. In other cases, gene mutations may occur spontaneously and ...8

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Risk Factors for Epilepsy

Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds, and ages. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)9 ...

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Treatments: Epilepsy

Seizures can often be controlled with medications, special diets, surgery, or implanted devices. But there’s still a need for improved care. “Traditional medications for treating epilepsy are effective but problematic,” says Dr. Ivan Soltesz, who studies epilepsy at Stanford ...10

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Prevention of Epilepsy

You can take steps to reduce some risk factors for epilepsy. Prevent head injuries by wearing seatbelts and bicycle helmets, and make sure kids are properly secured in car seats. Get proper treatment for disorders that can affect the brain ...11

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Research for Epilepsy

He and other researchers are working to create highly targeted epilepsy therapies that are delivered only to malfunctioning brain regions and only when needed to block a seizure. So far, they’ve developed an experimental approach that can stop epilepsy ...12

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  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ epilepsy/ basics/ index.htm
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ nov2015/ feature1
  3. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ epilepsy/ epilepsy.htm
  4. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ nov2015/ feature1
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ nov2015/ feature1
  7. ibid.
  8. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ epilepsy/ detail_epilepsy.htm
  9. ibid.
  10. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ nov2015/ feature1
  11. ibid.
  12. ibid.

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