Encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a general term that refers to a pathological brain abnormality. This term usually refers to more complex abnormal brain syndromes than simpler disorders like encephalitis or brain injury. Particular types of encephalopathy include hepatic encephalopathy (liver failure) and Wernicke disease (alcoholic encephalopathy). The causes and treatments of encephalopathy ...

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Introduction: Encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a term for any diffuse disease of the brain that alters brain function or structure. Encephalopathy may be caused by infectious agent (bacteria, virus, or prion), metabolic or mitochondrial dysfunction, brain tumor or increased pressure in the skull ...1

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Symptoms of Encephalopathy

The hallmark of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Depending on the type and severity of encephalopathy, common neurological symptoms are progressive loss of memory and cognitive ability, subtle personality changes, inability to concentrate, lethargy, and progressive loss of consciousness ...2

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Causes of Encephalopathy

Encephalopathy may be caused by infectious agent (bacteria, virus, or prion), metabolic or mitochondrial dysfunction, brain tumor or increased pressure in the skull, prolonged exposure to toxic elements (including solvents, drugs, radiation, paints, industrial chemicals, and certain metals), chronic progressive ...3

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Causes List for Encephalopathy

Some possible causes of Encephalopathy or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a term for any diffuse disease of the brain that alters brain function or structure. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)5 ...

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Diagnosis of Encephalopathy

Blood tests, spinal fluid examination, imaging studies, electroencephalograms, and similar diagnostic studies may be used to differentiate the various causes of encephalopathy. ...Source: NINDS (NIH)6 ...

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Treatments: Encephalopathy

Is there any treatment? Treatment is symptomatic and varies, according to the type and severity of the encephalopathy. Your physician can provide specific instructions for proper care and treatment. Anticonvulsants may be prescribed to reduce or halt any seizures. Changes ...7

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Research for Encephalopathy

What research is being done? The NINDS supports and conducts research on brain diseases. Much of this research is aimed at characterizing the agents that cause these disorders, clarifying the mechanisms underlying them, and, ultimately, finding ways to prevent, treat ...8

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References

  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ encephalopathy/ encephalopathy.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ encephalopathy/ encephalopathy.htm
  6. ibid.
  7. ibid.
  8. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.