Eczema is a chronic skin condition causing recurring rashes. The skin rashes are often blistery, weeping, crusting, scaling and itchy. In many cases, the cause is unclear, and the cause may be an inherited form called “atopic eczema”. In some cases eczema has a clear cause: it may be caused ...

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Introduction: Eczema

Eczema is a term for several different types of skin swelling. Eczema is also called dermatitis. Most types cause dry, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet ...1

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Symptoms of Eczema

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic condition that causes the skin to become extremely itchy. Persistent scratching can lead to redness, blisters that “weep” clear fluid, bleeding, and crusting of certain areas of the skin. People with ...2

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Complications of Eczema

People with eczema also may be particularly susceptible to bacterial, viral, and fungal skin infections. ...Source: NIAID (NIH)3 ...

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Causes of Eczema

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Causes & Strategies for Prevention A combination of genetic and environmental factors appears to be involved in the development of eczema. The condition often is associated with other allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever, and food allergy ...4

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Causes List for Eczema

Some possible causes of Eczema or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Eczema

Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of eczema. Several have very similar symptoms. ...Source: NIAMS (NIH)6 ...

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Treatments: Eczema

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Treatment: Skin Care at Home You and your doctor should discuss the best treatment plan and medications for your atopic dermatitis. But taking care of your skin at home may reduce the need for prescription medications. Some ...7

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Research for Eczema

How is NIAID addressing this critical topic? NIAID conducts and supports basic research in allergy and immunology that increases our understanding of the immune system and how it contributes to the development of atopic dermatitis and its complications. NIAID also ...8

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Names and Terminology

Atopic dermatitis is often referred to as “eczema,” which is a general term for the several types of inflammation of the skin. Atopic dermatitis is ...9

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  1. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): eczema.html
  2. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ eczema-photo-essay
  3. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ eczema-atopic-dermatitis
  4. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ eczema-causes-prevention-strategies
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Atopic_Dermatitis/ default.asp
  7. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ eczema-treatment
  8. Source: NIAID (NIH): diseases-conditions/ eczema-atopic-dermatitis
  9. Source: NIAMS (NIH): Health_Info/ Atopic_Dermatitis/ default.asp

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