Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis is one of a group of muscle diseases known as the inflammatory myopathies, which are characterized by chronic muscle inflammation accompanied by muscle weakness. Dermatomyositisí cardinal symptom is a skin rash that precedes, accompanies, or follows progressive muscle weakness ...1

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Symptoms of Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis is characterized by chronic muscle inflammation accompanied by muscle weakness. Dermatomyositisí cardinal symptom is a skin rash that precedes, accompanies, or follows progressive muscle weakness. The rash looks patchy, with purple or red discolorations, and characteristically develops on the ...2

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Causes of Dermatomyositis

Cause: The cause of this disorder is unknown. It is theorized that an autoimmune reaction (reactions caused by an immune response against the body's own tissues) or a viral infection of the skeletal muscle may cause the disease.[3] In ...3

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Causes List for Dermatomyositis

Some possible causes of Dermatomyositis or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Dermatomyositis

Some types of this condition may include:5 Types of dermatomyositis:

  • adult dermatomyositis
  • childhood type dermatomyositis
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Diagnosis of Dermatomyositis

How are the inflammatory myopathies diagnosed? Diagnosis is based on the individualís medical history, results of a physical exam and tests of muscle strength, and blood samples that show elevated levels of various muscle enzymes and autoantibodies. Diagnostic tools ...6

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Risk Factors for Dermatomyositis

Who is at risk? These rare disorders may affect both adults and children, although dermatomyositis is the most common chronic form in children. Polymyositis and dermatomyositis are more common in women than in men. A rare childhood onset form of ...7

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Treatments: Dermatomyositis

Is there any treatment? There is no cure for dermatomyositis, but the symptoms can be treated. Options include medication, physical therapy, exercise, heat therapy (including microwave and ultrasound), orthotics and assistive devices, and rest. The standard treatment for dermatomyositis is ...8

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Research for Dermatomyositis

What research is being done? The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and other institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct research relating to dermatomyositis in laboratories at the NIH and support additional research through grants ...9

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Names and Terminology

Related Diseases: The following diseases are related to Dermatomyositis. If you have a question about any of these diseases, you can contact GARD.

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References

  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ dermatomyositis/ dermatomyositis.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: GARD (NIH): rarediseases.info.nih.gov/ diseases/ 6263/ dermatomyositis
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: Disease Ontology
  6. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ inflammatory_myopathies/ detail_inflammatory_myopathies.htm
  7. ibid.
  8. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ dermatomyositis/ dermatomyositis.htm
  9. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.