Dementia is the general name for a number of brain and neurological disorders where the patient suffers severe mental symptoms. The patient may become confused, disoriented, lose memory, have difficulty with reasoning or calculation, or have a number of other mental symptoms. Alzheimer’s Disease is the best known form ...

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Introduction: Dementia

Dementia is not a specific disease. It is a descriptive term for a collection of symptoms that can be caused by a number of disorders that affect the brain. People with dementia have significantly impaired intellectual functioning that interferes with ...1

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Symptoms of Dementia

Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning—thinking, remembering, and reasoning—to such an extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Dementia is not a disease itself, but rather a set of symptoms. Memory loss is a ...2

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Complications of Dementia

Dementia affects an individual’s health, quality of life, and ability to live independently. It can diminish a person’s ability to effectively:

  • Manage medications and medical conditions
  • Make financial decisions
  • Drive a car or use appliances and tools safely ...
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Causes of Dementia

Acute Brain Events: Acute or traumatic causes of dementia or dementia-like symptoms include:

Progressive Neurological Disorders: Various different progressive brain disorders may ...

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Causes of Dementia

Many conditions and diseases cause dementia. The most common cause of dementia in older people is Alzheimer’s disease. Other causes include different kinds of brain changes that lead to vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal disorders. In addition ...3

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Causes List for Dementia

Some possible causes of Dementia or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Dementia

Dementia Disorders: Various types of dementia disorders include:

Encephalopathies: Types of chronic encephalopathy ...

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Types of Dementia

While Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia in older people, it is only one of many dementia disorders. An estimated 20 percent to 40 percent of older people with dementia have another form of dementia, such as ...5

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Diagnosis of Dementia

Clinically, it can be difficult sometimes to determine whether dementia symptoms are due to Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia, so researchers are developing tools that may aid in distinguishing among these diseases. ...Source: NIA (NIH)6 ...

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Genetics of Dementia

Genetics. One’s likelihood of developing a genetically linked form of dementia increases when more than one family member has the disorder. But in some cases, such as with CADASIL, having just one parent who carries a mutation increases the ...7

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Risk Factors for Dementia

Several factors determine the risk of developing dementia, including age and family history. Other factors affect the management of dementia by families, communities, and the health care system. Age Aging is a well-known risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease ...8

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Misdiagnosis: Dementia

Sudden Acute Dementia Syndromes: There are many short-term causes of sudden dementia-like symptoms. With correct diagnosis of the underlying cause, the dementia can sometimes be reversed or improved.

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Treatments: Dementia

There are important steps to take to improve the care and support for people with dementia and those who care for them. These include:

  • Increasing the availability of existing effective diagnostic tools
  • Decreasing the number of people with undiagnosed dementia ...
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Prevention of Dementia

Chui notes that a healthy lifestyle can help protect the aging brain. “Regular exercise, a heart-healthy diet, and avoiding smoking can reduce your risk for heart disease as well as dementia,” she says. Engaging in social and intellectually stimulating ...9

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Research for Dementia

Emerging Issues in Dementias, Including Alzheimer’s Disease Over the past decade, there has been significant scientific progress in understanding and managing dementia, with research focused on the most common form of the disorder, Alzheimer’s disease. During the next ...10

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Names and Terminology

Dementia is not a specific disease. It is a descriptive term for a collection of symptoms that can be caused by a number of disorders ...11

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ dementias/ dementia.htm
  2. Source: Healthy People (DHHS): 2020/ topics-objectives/ topic/ dementias-including-alzheimers-disease
  3. Source: NIA (NIH): alzheimers/ topics/ other-dementias
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NIA (NIH): alzheimers/ publication/ 2014-2015-alzheimers-disease-progress-report/ introduction
  6. Source: NIA (NIH): alzheimers/ publication/ 2014-2015-alzheimers-disease-progress-report/ category-h-alzheimers-disease
  7. Source: NIA (NIH): alzheimers/ publication/ dementias/ risk-factors-dementia
  8. Source: Healthy People (DHHS): 2020/ topics-objectives/ topic/ dementias-including-alzheimers-disease
  9. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ jan2014/ feature1
  10. Source: Healthy People (DHHS): 2020/ topics-objectives/ topic/ dementias-including-alzheimers-disease
  11. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ dementias/ dementia.htm

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