Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease is heart disease due to obstructions or narrowing of the major heart arteries. It is also called Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), ischemic heart disease (IHD), or atherosclerotic heart disease. Major heart arteries may have “narrowing of the arteries” from arteriosclerosis (atherosclerosis), which causes reduced blood flow (ischemia) ...

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Introduction: Coronary Heart Disease

What Is Coronary Heart Disease? Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in ...1

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Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease? A common symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD) is angina. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich ...2

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Complications of Coronary Heart Disease

Angina is chest pain or discomfort. It may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The pain also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion. A heart attack occurs ...3

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Causes of Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is ...4

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Causes List for Coronary Heart Disease

Some possible causes of Coronary Heart Disease or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Coronary Heart Disease

There are 2 major clinical forms—heart attack and angina. Heart attack is a life-threatening event that occurs when a blood vessel supplying the heart itself is suddenly blocked, causing damage to the heart muscle and its functions. Angina ...6

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Diagnosis of Coronary Heart Disease

How Is Coronary Heart Disease Diagnosed? Your doctor will diagnose coronary heart disease (CHD) based on your medical and family histories, your risk factors for CHD, a physical exam, and the results from tests and procedures. No single test can ...7

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Genetics of Coronary Heart Disease

Family History—Family history plays a role in CHD risk. Your risk increases if your father or a brother was diagnosed with CHD before 55 years of age, or if your mother or a sister was diagnosed with CHD before ...8

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Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease

Research suggests that CHD starts when certain factors damage the inner layers of the coronary arteries. These factors include:

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Treatments: Coronary Heart Disease

How Is Coronary Heart Disease Treated? Treatments for coronary heart disease include heart-healthy lifestyle changes, medicines, medical procedures and surgery, and cardiac rehabilitation. Treatment goals may include:

  • Lowering the risk of blood clots forming (blood clots can cause a ...
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Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease

How Can Coronary Heart Disease Be Prevented or Delayed? You can prevent and control coronary heart disease (CHD) by taking action to control your risk factors with heart-healthy lifestyle changes and medicines. Examples of risk factors you can control ...9

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for Coronary Heart Disease

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References

  1. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ cad
  2. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ cad/ signs
  3. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ cad
  4. ibid.
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: aihw.gov.au/ reports-statistics/ health-conditions-disability-deaths/ heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/ about
  7. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ cad/ diagnosis
  8. Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ winter14/ articles/ winter14pg26-27.html
  9. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ cad/ prevention

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.