Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a cancerous tumor in the colon, also known as the bowel or the large intestine. Colon cancer is usually grouped with rectal cancer under the general name of Colorectal Cancer. Colon cancer is often diagnosed late, or misdiagnosed, which greatly reduces survival rates. Differential diagnosis includes forms ...

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Introduction: Colon Cancer

The colon and rectum are part of the large intestine. Colorectal cancer occurs when tumors form in the lining of the large intestine. It is common in both men and women. The risk of developing colorectal cancer rises after age ...1

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Symptoms of Colon Cancer

Signs of colon cancer include blood in the stool or a change in bowel habits. These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by colon cancer or by other conditions. Check with your doctor if you have any of ...2

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Causes of Colon Cancer

Causes: The exact cause of bowel cancer is still unknown. However, research has shown several factors may make you more likely to develop it. Cancer occurs when the cells in a certain area of your body divide and multiply too ...3

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Causes List for Colon Cancer

Some possible causes of Colon Cancer or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Colon Cancer

Some types of this condition may include:5 Types of colon cancer:

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Diagnosis of Colon Cancer

The 3 recommended tests for colorectal cancer are colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or home stool tests. Each test has different benefits and drawbacks. Your health care provider may recommend one or more of these options. Colonoscopy is the most accurate. The ...6

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Genetics of Colon Cancer

When collecting your family health history, be sure to include your close relatives: parents, brothers, sisters, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews. List any cancers that each relative had and at what age he or she was diagnosed. For ...7

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Risk Factors for Colon Cancer

Health history can affect the risk of developing colon cancer. Anything that increases your chance of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors ...8

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Treatments: Colon Cancer

Treatment Option Overview: Key Points

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Prevention of Colon Cancer

Prevention:  While no cancer is completely preventable, you can lower your risk of bowel cancer by:

  • being physically active
  • limiting alcohol intake
  • avoiding smoking
  • eating a healthy and balanced diet
  • participating in bowel cancer screening

It is recommended that all ...9

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References

  1. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ colorectalcancer.html
  2. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ colorectal/ patient/ colon-treatment-pdq
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ bowel-cancer/ causes/ 
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: Disease Ontology
  6. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ mar2015/ feature2
  7. Source: CDC Features: cdc.gov/ features/ LynchSyndrome/ index.html
  8. Source: NCI (NIH): cancer.gov/ types/ colorectal/ patient/ colon-treatment-pdq
  9. Source: Queensland Health: conditions.health.qld.gov.au/ HealthCondition/ condition/ 7/ 45/ 210/ bowel-cancer

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.