Cognitive Disorders

Cognitive disorders are disorders of the higher mental functioning of the brain. Cognition is the ability of the brain to perform thoughts, reasoning, planning, calculation, and memory. Cognitive disorders include memory disorders, learning disorders, thought disorders, and many others. Related disease categories include neurological disorders, brain disorders, mental health disorders ...

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Causes of Cognitive Disorders

It is not clear why some people think well as they get older while others do not. One possible reason is "cognitive reserve," the brain's ability to work well even when some part of it is disrupted. People with more ...1

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Causes List for Cognitive Disorders

Some possible causes of Cognitive Disorders or similar disorders may include:2

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Types of Cognitive Disorders

General types of cognitive disorders include:

Particular types of cognition difficulty include:

Specific examples of cognitive disorders include ...

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Types of Cognitive Disorders

Problems with executive functioning—Problems with planning and sequencing (thinking through which steps come first, second, third, and so on), prioritizing (doing more important activities first and less important activities last), multitasking (shifting from one activity to another as needed) ...3

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Risk Factors for Cognitive Disorders

Risks to Cognitive Health: Genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors are all thought to influence cognitive health. Some of these factors may contribute to a decline in thinking skills and the ability to perform everyday tasks such as driving, paying bills ...4

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Prevention of Cognitive Disorders

Steps to Maintain Cognitive Health: A doctor may suggest steps to stay healthy and watch for changes in memory and thinking. Steps include:

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Research for Cognitive Disorders

Participating in Cognitive Health Research: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and other organizations conduct and support a variety of studies looking at cognition and the brain. These studies look at how the brain changes with age, diseases and conditions ...5

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  1. Source: NIA (NIH): health/ how-aging-brain-affects-thinking
  2. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  3. Source: NIA (NIH): health/ symptoms-frontotemporal-disorders
  4. Source: NIA (NIH): health/ risks-cognitive-health
  5. Source: NIA (NIH): health/ participating-cognitive-health-research

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.