Chicken Pox

Chicken pox, also called varicella, is an infectious viral disease with a characteristic rash. Although vaccination programs exist, it still remains common in children. Symptoms include an initial fever phase with mild fever, appetite loss, headache, tiredness, and other symptoms, followed shortly by a second rash phase with raised red ...

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Introduction: Chicken Pox

Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. The rash appears first on the stomach, back and face and then spreads over the entire body ...1

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Symptoms of Chicken Pox

Chickenpox causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. This leaves a person feeling very sick and uncomfortable, and may cause sick people to miss a week or more of school or work. ...Source: CDC Features2 ...

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Complications of Chicken Pox

In the general population, cases of chickenpox have decreased significantly after the introduction of the chickenpox vaccine, but even vaccinated people can experience episodes of shingles. ...Source: NIAID (NIH)3 ...

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Causes of Chicken Pox

INFECTIOUS AGENT: Varicella-zoster virus, a member of the herpesvirus family. Humans are the only reservoir of the virus, and disease occurs only in humans. ...Source: CDC Yellow Book 20164 ...

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Causes List for Chicken Pox

Some possible causes of Chicken Pox or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Chicken Pox

Some types of this condition may include:6 Types of Chicken Pox:

  • Varicella, Severe Recurrent
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Diagnosis of Chicken Pox

DIAGNOSIS: Varicella is often diagnosed clinically on the basis of a generalized maculopapulovesicular rash. The clinical diagnosis of varicella in the United States has become increasingly challenging as a growing proportion of cases occur in vaccinated people in whom disease ...7

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Risk Factors for Chicken Pox

With the implementation of the childhood varicella vaccination program in the United States, substantial declines have occurred in disease incidence, and, although varicella is still endemic, the risk of exposure to varicella zoster virus is higher in most other parts ...8

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Treatments: Chicken Pox

TREATMENT: Treatment with antivirals is not routinely recommended for otherwise healthy children with varicella. Treatment with oral acyclovir should be considered for people at increased risk for moderate to severe disease, such as people aged >12 years, people with chronic ...9

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Prevention of Chicken Pox

POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS: Vaccine Varicella vaccine is recommended for postexposure administration for unvaccinated healthy people aged ?12 months and without other evidence of immunity, to prevent or modify the disease. The vaccine should be administered as soon as possible within 5 ...10

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References

  1. Source: CDC: cdc.gov/ chickenpox/ index.html
  2. Source: CDC Features: cdc.gov/ features/ PreventChickenpox/ index.html
  3. Source: NIAID (NIH): niaid.nih.gov/ diseases-conditions/ impaired-immune-memory-leads-infections
  4. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ varicella-chickenpox
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  7. Source: CDC Yellow Book 2016: cdc.gov/ travel/ yellowbook/ 2016/ infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/ varicella-chickenpox
  8. ibid.
  9. ibid.
  10. ibid.

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