Brain Disorders: Overview

A variety of brain disorders can occur, and many are very serious such as stroke or brain tumor. Any type of brain injury can cause brain hemorrhage or concussion (post-concussion syndrome). Many types of Psychiatric Disorders are related to the brain (e.g. Schizophrenia). There is a distinction between Psychiatric Disorders, Psychological Disorders (e.g. Emotional Disorders; Personality Disorders), and Neurological Disorders. Infection of the brain is called encephalitis and more generally brain lesions are called encephalopathy. Different types of brain conditions may affect other sensory systems or nerve pathways that they control (e.g. sensory disorders, vision disorders, hearing disorders, etc.). Various simple conditions are also somewhat related to the brain, such as headache and migraine.

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Back to: « Brain Disorders

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The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech, and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines, or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.

Source: MedLinePlus (NIH)1

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Brain Disorders: A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the brain.2

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Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the Brain, which is composed of the intracranial components of the Central Nervous System. This includes (but is not limited to) the Cerebral Cortex; intracranial white matter; Basal Ganglia; Thalamus; Hypothalamus; Brain Stem; and Cerebellum.3

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Brain Disorders: A brain disorder adverse event occurs when the brain is damaged by injury, disease, or health conditions.4

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Brain Disorders: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.5

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References

  1. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ braindiseases.html
  2. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  3. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  4. Source: OAE Ontology
  5. Source: Monarch Initiative

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.