Ataxia is a disorder of movement and coordination. Symptoms may include clumsy movements, gait disorders, staggering (balance difficulty), vertigo, or speech difficulty. The underlying cause of ataxia is often a serious disorder of the brain (e.g. stroke) or central nervous system (e.g. multiple sclerosis). Ataxia is a particular ...

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Introduction: Ataxia

Ataxia often occurs when parts of the nervous system that control movement are damaged. People with ataxia experience a failure of muscle control in their arms and legs, resulting in a lack of balance and coordination or a disturbance of ...1

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Symptoms of Ataxia

People with ataxia experience a failure of muscle control in their arms and legs, resulting in a lack of balance and coordination or a disturbance of gait. While the term ataxia is primarily used to describe this set of symptoms ...2

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Causes of Ataxia

Ataxia may be caused by a particular type of ataxia, and the causes may differ by type. The particular types of ataxia include:

Brain disorder causes of ...

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Causes of Ataxia

Most disorders that result in ataxia cause cells in the part of the brain called the cerebellum to degenerate, or atrophy. Sometimes the spine is also affected. The phrases cerebellar degeneration and spinocerebellar degeneration are used to describe changes that ...3

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Causes List for Ataxia

Some possible causes of Ataxia or similar disorders may include:4

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Types of Ataxia

Types of ataxia include:

Specific subtypes include:

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Types of Ataxia

Types of ataxia There are many different types of ataxia, which can be divided into three broad categories:

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Diagnosis of Ataxia

Diagnosis: Visit your GP if you or your child have unexplained symptoms such as balance and co-ordination problems or difficulty walking, talking or swallowing. Family and medical history Your GP may ask whether you have any family history of ...5

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Genetics of Ataxia

hereditary ataxia - where symptoms develop slowly over many years and are caused by faulty genes that a person inherits from their parents; the most common type is Friedreich's ataxia ...Source: NHS Choices UK6 ...

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Treatments: Ataxia

Is there any treatment? There is no cure for the hereditary ataxias. If the ataxia is caused by another condition, that underlying condition is treated first. For example, ataxia caused by a metabolic disorder may be treated with medications and ...7

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Research for Ataxia

What research is being done? The NINDS supports and conducts a broad range of basic and clinical research on cerebellar and spinocerebellar degeneration, including work aimed at finding the cause(s) of ataxias and ways to treat, cure, and, ultimately ...8

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ ataxia/ ataxia.htm
  2. ibid.
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  5. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ ataxia/ diagnosis/ 
  6. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ Ataxia/ 
  7. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ ataxia/ ataxia.htm
  8. ibid.

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