Prevention of Asthma

How Can Asthma Be Prevented?

You can’t prevent asthma. However, you can take steps to control the disease and prevent its symptoms. For example:

  • Learn about your asthma and ways to control it.
  • Follow your written asthma action plan. (For a sample plan, go to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's "Asthma Action Plan.")
  • Use medicines as your doctor prescribes.
  • Identify and try to avoid things that make your asthma worse (asthma triggers). However, one trigger you should not avoid is physical activity. Physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Talk with your doctor about medicines that can help you stay active.
  • Keep track of your asthma symptoms and level of control.
  • Get regular checkups for your asthma.

For more details about how to prevent asthma symptoms and attacks, go to "How Is Asthma Treated and Controlled?"

Source: NHLBI (NIH)1

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Three types of mold were more common in the homes of babies who later developed asthma. The finding highlights how important it is to prevent water damage and mold growth in homes with infants.

Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)2

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The research showed that some simple steps—washing the bedding in hot water, putting allergen-impermeable covers on the pillows, box springs and mattresses, and vacuuming and steam-cleaning the carpets and upholstered furniture—can significantly reduce dust mite allergen levels,” Zeldin says.

Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)3

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Avoid alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana, as all can cause problems. In some cases, these can lead to stillbirth, which is death of the fetus after 20 weeks of pregnancy. In other cases, babies bear long-term effects in the form of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and asthma.

Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH)4

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Preventing allergies from developing

There is no known way to prevent allergies - however, some research has shown that breastfed babies may be less likely to develop allergies and asthma. Children who live in smokefree homes are also less likely to develop asthma.

Source: New Zealand Health5

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References

  1. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ asthma/ prevention
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ issue/ sep2012/ capsule1
  3. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): newsinhealth.nih.gov/ 2006/ July/ docs/ 01features_01.htm
  4. Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ fall16/ articles/ fall16pg22-23.html
  5. Source: New Zealand Health: health.govt.nz/ your-health/ conditions-and-treatments/ diseases-and-illnesses/ allergies

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.