Angina

Angina is a disorder of the heart and its blood vessels that is characterized by chronic chest pain. It is usually caused by narrowed arteries from arteriosclerosis (atherosclerosis). Angina needs to be differentiated from heart attack and other causes of chest pain. Stable angina refers to chest pain that does ...

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Introduction: Angina

What Is Angina? Angina (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your ...1

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Symptoms of Angina

Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The pain also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion. ...Source: NHLBI (NIH)2 ...

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Complications of Angina

Complications: A major concern for people with angina is that their atherosclerosis will continue to get worse. This can lead to the blood supply to their heart becoming blocked, which could trigger a heart attack. Similarly, a blockage of the ...3

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Causes of Angina

Angina isn't a disease; it's a symptom of an underlying heart problem. Angina usually is a symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is the most common type of heart disease in adults. It occurs if a waxy substance called ...4

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Causes List for Angina

Some possible causes of Angina or similar disorders may include:5

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Types of Angina

Types of Angina: The major types of angina are stable, unstable, variant (Prinzmetal's), and microvascular. Knowing how the types differ is important. This is because they have different symptoms and require different treatments. Stable Angina Stable angina is the most common type of angina. It occurs when the heart is working harder than usual. Stable angina has a regular pattern. (“Pattern” refers to how often the angina occurs, how severe it is, and what factors trigger it.) If you have stable angina, you can learn its pattern and predict when the pain will occur. The pain usually goes away a few minutes after you rest or take your angina medicine. Stable angina isn't a heart attack, but it suggests that a heart attack is more likely to happen in the future. Unstable Angina Unstable angina doesn't follow a pattern. It may occur more often and be more severe than stable angina. Unstable angina also can occur with or without physical exertion, and rest or medicine may not relieve the pain. Unstable angina is very dangerous and requires emergency treatment. This type of angina is a sign that a heart attack may happen soon. Variant (Prinzmetal's) Angina Variant angina is rare. A spasm in a coronary artery causes this type of angina. Variant angina usually occurs while you're at rest, and the pain can be severe. It usually happens between midnight and early morning. Medicine can relieve this type of angina. Microvascular Angina Microvascular angina can be more severe and last longer than other types of angina. Medicine may not relieve this type of angina. ...Source: NHLBI (NIH)6 ...

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Diagnosis of Angina

How Is Angina Diagnosed? The most important issues to address when you go to the doctor with chest pain are:

Angina is a ...7

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Genetics of Angina

Family history: Heart disease can run in families, so if you have a first-degree relative (mother, father, brother or sister) with a history of heart disease or angina, your risk of developing angina is increased. ...Source: NHS Choices UK ...8

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Risk Factors for Angina

Research suggests that CHD starts when certain factors damage the inner layers of the coronary arteries. These factors include:

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Treatments: Angina

How Is Angina Treated? Treatments for angina include lifestyle changes, medicines, medical procedures, cardiac rehabilitation (rehab), and other therapies. The main goals of treatment are to:

  • Reduce pain and discomfort and how often it occurs
  • Prevent or lower your risk ...
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Prevention of Angina

How Can Angina Be Prevented? You can prevent or lower your risk for angina and heart disease by making lifestyle changes and treating related conditions. Making Lifestyle Changes Healthy lifestyle choices can help prevent or delay angina and heart disease ...9

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Names and Terminology

Other Names for Angina

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References

  1. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ angina
  2. ibid.
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ Angina/ 
  4. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ angina
  5. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  6. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ angina
  7. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ angina/ diagnosis
  8. Source: NHS Choices UK: nhs.uk/ conditions/ angina/ causes/ 
  9. Source: NHLBI (NIH): nhlbi.nih.gov/ health/ health-topics/ topics/ angina/ prevention

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.