AIDS Neurological Complications

AIDS is primarily an immune system disorder caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but it can also affect the nervous system. HIV does not appear to directly invade nerve cells but it jeopardizes their health and function, causing symptoms ...1

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Causes of AIDS Neurological Complications

How does AIDS affect the nervous system? The virus does not appear to directly invade nerve cells but it jeopardizes their health and function. The resulting inflammation may damage the brain and spinal cord and cause symptoms such as confusion ...2

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Types of AIDS Neurological Complications

Among the most common neurological complications are:

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Diagnosis of AIDS Neurological Complications

How are these disorders diagnosed?* Based on the results of the individual's medical history and a general physical exam, the physician will conduct a thorough neurological exam to assess various functions: motor and sensory skills, nerve function, hearing and speech ...3

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Treatments: AIDS Neurological Complications

Is there any treatment? No single treatment can cure the neurological complications of AIDS. Some disorders require aggressive therapy while others are treated symptomatically. Medicines range from analgesics sold over the counter to antiepileptic drugs, opiates, corticosteroids, and some classes ...4

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Research for AIDS Neurological Complications

What research is being done? Within the Federal government, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), one part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), supports research on the neurological consequences of AIDS. The NINDS works closely with ...5

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See also related disorder symptom information:


See also genetics of related diseases:

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  1. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ aids/ aids.htm
  2. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ aids/ detail_aids.htm
  3. ibid.
  4. Source: NINDS (NIH): disorders/ aids/ aids.htm
  5. ibid.

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