Achalasia is a malfunction of a muscle in the digestive system, preventing the food moving through properly. Esophageal Achalasia is the most common type, affecting the muscle of the esophagus. Symptoms include regurgitation, swallowing difficulty, feeling of abdominal fullness, drooling and salivation, and similar symptoms. The general name for this ...

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Introduction: Achalasia

Summary: Failure of the smooth muscle fibers of the gastrointestinal tract to relax at any one point of junction of one part with another. ...1,2

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Symptoms of Achalasia

Symptoms of achalasia Not everyone with achalasia will have symptoms. But most people with achalasia will find it difficult to swallow food or drink (known as dysphagia). Swallowing tends to get gradually more difficult or painful over a couple of ...3

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Complications of Achalasia

Long-term untreated achalasia very slightly increases the risk of developing cancer of the oesophagus. This means it is important to get appropriate treatment for achalasia straight away, even if your symptoms are not bothering you. ...Source: NHS Choices UK ...4

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Causes of Achalasia

Causes of achalasia Achalasia is thought to happen when the nerves in the oesophagus become damaged and stop working properly, which is why the muscles and ring of muscle don't work. The exact cause of this is unknown. In some ...5

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Causes List for Achalasia

Some possible causes of Achalasia or similar disorders may include:6

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Types of Achalasia

Some types of this condition may include:7 Types of Achalasia:

  • Esophageal Achalasia
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Diagnosis of Achalasia

Diagnosing achalasia If your GP thinks you have achalasia from your symptoms, you will be referred to hospital to have some diagnostic tests. Achalasia may also be diagnosed during an investigation, such as a chest X-ray, for another reason ...8

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Treatments: Achalasia

Treatments for achalasia There is no cure for achalasia, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and make swallowing easier. Your doctors will talk to you about the risks and benefits of the different treatment options. Medication Medicine, such as ...9

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Names and Terminology

Synonyms: Achalasia of the esophagus ...Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH)10 ...

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  1. [from NCI]
  2. Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): gtr/ conditions/ C1321756/ 
  3. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ achalasia/ 
  4. ibid.
  5. ibid.
  6. Source: Algorithmically Generated List
  7. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  8. Source: NHS Choices UK: conditions/ achalasia/ 
  9. ibid.
  10. Source: GTR (NCBI/NIH): gtr/ conditions/ C1321756/ 

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