Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome: Overview

Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome: A syndrome characterized by by the association of ablepharon, macrostomia, abnormal external ears, syndactyly of the hands and feet, skin findings (such as dry and coarse skin or redundant folds of skin), absent or sparse hair, genital malformations and developmental delay. Other reported manifestations include malar hypoplasia, absent or hypoplastic nipples, umbilical abnormalities and growth retardation. It is that has material basis in heterozygous mutation in the TWIST2 gene on chromosome 2q37.1

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Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome is an extremely rare multiple congenital malformation syndrome characterized by the association of ablepharon, macrostomia, abnormal external ears, syndactyly of the hands and feet, skin findings (such as dry and coarse skin or redundant folds of skin), absent or sparse hair, genital malformations and developmental delay (in 2/3 of cases). Other reported manifestations include malar hypoplasia, absent or hypoplastic nipples, umbilical abnormalities and growth retardation. It is a mainly sporadic disorder, although a few familial cases having been reported, and it displays significant clinical overlap with Fraser syndrome (see this term).2

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References

  1. Source: Disease Ontology
  2. Source: Monarch Initiative

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