Xanthine

Xanthine: A substance found in the human body that is closely related to uric acid and 2,8-dihydroxyadenine. All these substances that belong to a group of substances called purines can form kidney stones.

Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH)1

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Xanthine: A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)2

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References

  1. Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH): rarediseasesnetwork.org/ cms/ rksc/ Learn-More/ Glossary
  2. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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