The prostate is a small gland in the lower abdomen in males. It is related to sexual function in men and plays a role in the production of ejaculate. Various prostate disorders can occur such as: prostate cancer, prostate enlargement, benign prostate hypertrophy, and various other disorders.

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What is the prostate?

The prostate is a small gland shaped like a walnut that is in the center of a man's body within the pelvis. The prostate makes a milky fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. It is wrapped around the tube that carries urine out of the body (the urethra). It sits just below the bladder.

Source: NHGRI (NIH)1

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The prostate is about the size of a walnut. It wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the bladder. During sexual climax, or ejaculation, the prostate adds fluid to sperm to create semen, which also leaves the body through the urethra.

Source: NIH News in Health (NIH)2

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Prostate: A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the Urinary Bladder and the Urethra. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the Pubic Symphysis, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the Rectum.3

Anatomical Information about Prostate

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The prostate has two or more lobes, or sections, enclosed by an outer layer of tissue. Located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder, the prostate surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder and supplies fluid that goes into semen.

Source: NIDDK (NIH)4

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  1. Source: NHGRI (NIH): 10003559/ learning-about-prostate-cancer/ 
  2. Source: NIH News in Health (NIH): issue/ oct2010/ feature2
  3. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  4. Source: NIDDK (NIH): health-information/ urologic-diseases/ bladder-control-problems-men
  5. Source: NCI (NIH): types/ prostate/ understanding-prostate-changes
  6. Source: NIDDK (NIH): health-information/ diabetes/ preventing-diabetes-problems/ sexual-urologic-problems
  7. Source: NIDDK (NIH): health-information/ health-topics/ urologic-disease/ prostate-problems/ Pages/ ez.aspx

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