Pituitary Gland

Pituitary Gland: A small, unpaired gland situated in the Sella Turcica. It is connected to the Hypothalamus by a short stalk which is called the Infundibulum.1

Anatomical Information about Pituitary Gland

What is the pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland, sometimes called the master gland, plays a critical role in regulating growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction. It produces prolactin and other key hormones including

The pituitary gland sits in the middle of the head in a bony box called the sella turcica. The optic nerves sit directly above the pituitary gland. Enlargement of the gland can cause symptoms such as headaches or visual disturbances. Pituitary tumors may also impair production of one or more pituitary hormones, causing reduced pituitary function, also called hypopituitarism.

Source: NIDDK (NIH)2

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  • Hypopituitarism: Summary: Hypopituitarism occurs when the body has low levels of certain hormones made by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland normally makes several hormones (including growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone4 ...

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  1. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  2. Source: NIDDK (NIH): niddk.nih.gov/ health-information/ endocrine-diseases/ prolactinoma
  3. Source: NINDS (NIH): ninds.nih.gov/ disorders/ pituitary_tumors/ pituitary_tumors.htm
  4. Source: GARD (NIH): rarediseases.info.nih.gov/ diseases/ 2917/ hypopituitarism

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