Language

Language is the expression of human communication through which knowledge, belief, and behavior can be experienced, explained, and shared. This sharing is based on systematic, conventionally used signs, sounds, gestures, or marks that convey understood meanings within a group or community. Recent research identifies “windows of opportunity” for acquiring language—written, spoken, or signed—that exist within the first few years of life.

Between 6 and 8 million individuals in the United States have some form of language impairment. Disorders of language affect children and adults differently. For children who do not use language normally from birth, or who acquire an impairment during childhood, language may not be fully developed or acquired. Many children who are deaf in the United States use a natural sign language known as American Sign Language (ASL). ASL shares an underlying organization with spoken language and has its own syntax and grammar. Many adults acquire disorders of language because of stroke, head injury, dementia, or brain tumors. Language disorders also are found in adults who have failed to develop normal language skills because of mental retardation, autism, hearing impairment, or other congenital or acquired disorders of brain development.

Source: NIDCD (NIH)1

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What are voice, speech, and language?

Voice, speech, and language are the tools we use to communicate with each other.

Voice is the sound we make as air from our lungs is pushed between vocal folds in our larynx, causing them to vibrate.

Speech is talking, which is one way to express language. It involves the precisely coordinated muscle actions of the tongue, lips, jaw, and vocal tract to produce the recognizable sounds that make up language.

Language is a set of shared rules that allow people to express their ideas in a meaningful way. Language may be expressed verbally or by writing, signing, or making other gestures, such as eye blinking or mouth movements.

Source: NIDCD (NIH)2

Introduction: Language

Language is the expression of human communication through which knowledge, belief, and behavior can be experienced, explained, and shared. This sharing is based on systematic, conventionally used signs, sounds, gestures, or marks that convey understood meanings within a group or community. Recent research identifies “windows of opportunity” for acquiring language—written, spoken, or signed—that exist within the first few years of life.

Source: NIDCD (NIH)3

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Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.4

Types

Types may include:5

Types of Language:

  • Chinese Language
  • English Language
  • Extensible Markup Language
  • Filipino Language
  • French Language
  • German Language
  • Hmong Language
  • Hungarian Language
  • Icelandic Language
  • Italian Language
  • Japanese Language
  • Korean Language
  • Portuguese Language
  • Programming Language
  • Russian Language
  • Sign Language
  • Somali Language
  • Spanish Language
  • Spoken Language
  • Structured Query Language
  • Vietnamese Language
  • Written Language
  • XPath

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References

  1. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ what-is-voice-speech-language
  2. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ speech-and-language
  3. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ what-is-voice-speech-language
  4. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  5. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  6. Source: NIDCD (NIH): nidcd.nih.gov/ health/ speech-and-language

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.