Genetic Code

Genetic Code: The sequence of nucleotides, coded in triplets (codons) along the mRNA that determines that sequence of amino acids in protein synthesis. The DNA sequence of a gene can be used to predict the mRNA sequence, and the genetic code can in turn be used to predict the amino acid sequence.


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Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the Base Sequence with respect to how it is translated into Amino Acid Sequence. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (Codon).2

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  1. Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH): cms/ stair/ Learn-More/ Glossary
  2. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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