Epithelial cells

Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (Epithelium) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the Skin; the Mouth; the Nose; and the Anal Canal derive from ectoderm; those lining the Respiratory System and the Digestive System derive from endoderm; others (Cardiovascular System and Lymphatic System) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.1


Types may include:2

Types of Epithelial Cell:

  • Alveolar Cell
  • Ameloblast
  • Basal Cell
  • Basaloid Cell
  • Eccrine Cell
  • Endocrine Cell and Neuroendocrine Cell
  • Epithelial Receptor Cell
  • Epithelial Reticular Cell
  • Glandular Cell
  • Light Cell
  • Mechanoreceptor Cell
  • Myoepithelial Cell
  • Olfactory Epithelial Cell
  • Podocyte
  • Renal Tubular Epithelial Cell
  • Reserve Cell
  • Specialized Epithelial Cell
  • Squamous Cell
  • Terminal Duct Cell
  • Thymic Epithelial Cell
  • Transitional Cell
  • Trophoblastic Cell
  • Type I Cell

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  1. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  2. Source: NCI Thesaurus

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