Diencephalon

The diencephalon, which is also located beneath the cerebral hemispheres, contains the thalamus and hypothalamus (Figure 2). The thalamus is involved in sensory perception and regulation of motor functions (i.e., movement). It connects areas of the cerebral cortex that are involved in sensory perception and movement with other parts of the brain and spinal cord that also have a role in sensation and movement.

The hypothalamus is a very small but important component of the diencephalon. It plays a major role in regulating feeding hormones, the pituitary gland, body temperature, the adrenal glands, and many other vital activities.

Source: NIDA (NIH)1

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Diencephalon: The paired caudal parts of the Prosencephalon from which the Thalamus; Hypothalamus; Epithalamus; and Subthalamus are derived.2

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References

  1. Source: NIDA (NIH): teens.drugabuse.gov/ teachers/ mind-over-matter/ teachers-guide
  2. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)

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