Cell — The basic structural unit of all living organisms. It is surrounded by a membrane and contains a nucleus which carries genetic material.


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What is a cell?

Cells are the basic building blocks of all living things. The human body is composed of trillions of cells. They provide structure for the body, take in nutrients from food, convert those nutrients into energy, and carry out specialized functions. Cells also contain the body’s hereditary material and can make copies of themselves.

Cells have many parts, each with a different function. Some of these parts, called organelles, are specialized structures that perform certain tasks within the cell.

Source: GHR (NLM/NIH)2

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Cells: The fundamental, structural, and functional units or subunits of living organisms. They are composed of Cytoplasm containing various Organelles and a Cell Membrane boundary.3


Types may include:4

Types of Cell:

  • Antigen Presenting Cell
  • Cell of the Epidermis
  • Connective and Soft Tissue Cell
  • Decidual Cell
  • Embryonic Cell
  • Epithelial Cell
  • Eukaryotic Cell
  • Follicular Ovarian Cell
  • Fusiform Cell
  • Germ Cell
  • Hematopoietic Cell
  • Interphase Cell
  • Juxtaglomerular Cell
  • Meningothelial Cell
  • Mesothelial Cell
  • Neuron and Supporting Cell of the Nervous System
  • Pillar Cell
  • Pluripotent Bronchial Precursor Cell
  • Receptor Cell
  • Secretory Cell
  • Stem Cell
  • Supporting Cell of Organ of Corti
  • Tooth Cell

Anatomy Articles

Read about these related anatomy topics:

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  1. Source: RDCRN (NCATS/NIH): rarediseasesnetwork.org/ cms/ bbd/ Learn-More/ Glossary
  2. Source: GHR (NLM/NIH): ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ primer/ basics/ cell
  3. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  4. Source: NCI Thesaurus

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.