Cartilage

Cartilage. A hard, slippery coating on the end of each bone.

Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH)1

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Cartilage is the tough but flexible tissue that covers the ends of your bones at a joint. It also gives shape and support to other parts of your body, such as your ears, nose and windpipe. Healthy cartilage helps you move by allowing your bones to glide over each other. It also protects bones by preventing them from rubbing against each other.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Source: MedLinePlus (NIH)2

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Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of Chondrocytes embedded in a matrix that includes Chondroitin Sulfate and various types of Fibrillar Collagen. There are three major types: Hyaline Cartilage; Fibrocartilage; and Elastic Cartilage.3

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Cartilage: A type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.4

Types

Types may include:5

Types of Cartilage:

  • Articular Cartilage
  • Bronchus Cartilage
  • Costal Cartilage
  • External Ear Cartilage
  • Laryngeal Cartilage
  • Lower Respiratory Tract Cartilage
  • Meniscus
  • Nasal Cartilage
  • Trachea Cartilage

Categories for Cartilage

Category of Cartilage:

  • Skeletal System Part
6

Anatomy Articles

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Disease and Condition Articles

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Related Disease and Condition Topics

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References

  1. Source: MedLinePlus Magazine (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ magazine/ issues/ winter13/ articles/ winter13pg11.html
  2. Source: MedLinePlus (NIH): medlineplus.gov/ cartilagedisorders.html
  3. Source: MeSH (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
  4. Source: NCI Thesaurus
  5. ibid.
  6. ibid.

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Note: This site is for informational purposes only and is not medical advice. See your doctor or other qualified medical professional for all your medical needs.